Sound Device Examples Effect -Alliteration -Consonance -Assonance -Internal Rhym

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Sound Device Examples Effect
-Alliteration
-Consonance
-Assonance
-Internal Rhyme
Fill in the four sound device boxes with TWO examples each from The Rime of the Ancient Mariner. In the last column, explain what effect you think the sound device/example has on the overall tone, mood, or theme of the poem. Define each device first, then respond to these questions: What emotions do these sound devices evoke? Why do you think the author chose to use those particular sounds in the lines you’ve selected, and what effect did they have on you as a reader?
Save your assignment as a Word (.doc) document and submit as an attachment in the link above.Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner” was published in Lyrical Ballads, a collection of poems that helped launch the Romanticism movement. In the poem, an old sailor detains a reluctant wedding guest and relates a strange, cautionary tale of what happens to those who don’t heed omens. In your notes, be sure to consider the sound devices Coleridge uses to spin his tale of a sea replete with zombies and a dead albatross.
For an audio version to listen to as you read, click below:
Part I
1 It is an ancient mariner
2 And he stoppeth one of three.
3–“By thy long grey beard and glittering eye,
4 Now wherefore stoppest thou me?
5 The bridegroom’s doors are opened wide,
6 And I am next of kin;
7 The guests are met, the feast is set:
8 May’st hear the merry din.”
9 He holds him with his skinny hand,
10 “There was a ship,” quoth he.
11 “Hold off! unhand me, grey-beard loon!”
12 Eftsoons his hand dropped he.
13 He holds him with his glittering eye–
14 The wedding-guest stood still,
15 And listens like a three-years’ child:
16 The mariner hath his will.
17 The wedding-guest sat on a stone:
18 He cannot choose but hear;
19 And thus spake on that ancient man,
20 The bright-eyed mariner.
21 “The ship was cheered, the harbour cleared,
22 Merrily did we drop
23 Below the kirk, below the hill,
24 Below the lighthouse top.
25 The sun came up upon the left,
26 Out of the sea came he!
27 And he shone bright, and on the right
28 Went down into the sea.
29 Higher and higher every day,
30 Till over the mast at noon–”
31 The wedding-guest here beat his breast,
32 For he heard the loud bassoon.
33 The bride hath paced into the hall,
34 Red as a rose is she;
35 Nodding their heads before her goes
36 The merry minstrelsy.
37 The wedding-guest he beat his breast,
38 Yet he cannot choose but hear;
39 And thus spake on that ancient man,
40 The bright-eyed mariner.
41 “And now the storm-blast came, and he
42 Was tyrannous and strong;
43 He struck with his o’ertaking wings,
44 And chased us south along.
45 With sloping masts and dipping prow,
46 As who pursued with yell and blow
47 Still treads the shadow of his foe,
48 And forward bends his head,
49 The ship drove fast, loud roared the blast,
50 And southward aye we fled.
51 Listen, stranger! Mist and snow,
52 And it grew wondrous cold:
53 And ice mast-high came floating by,
54 As green as emerald.
55 And through the drifts the snowy clifts
56 Did send a dismal sheen:
57 Nor shapes of men nor beasts we ken–
58 The ice was all between.
59 The ice was here, the ice was there,
60 The ice was all around:
61 It cracked and growled, and roared and howled,
62 Like noises in a swound!
63 At length did cross an albatross,
64 Thorough the fog it came;
65 As if it had been a Christian soul,
66 We hailed it in God’s name.
67 It ate the food it ne’er had eat,
68 And round and round it flew.
69 The ice did split with a thunder-fit;
70 The helmsman steered us through!
71 And a good south wind sprung up behind;
72 The albatross did follow,
73 And every day, for food or play,
74 Came to the mariners’ hollo!
75 In mist or cloud, on mast or shroud,
76 It perched for vespers nine;
77 Whiles all the night, through fog-smoke white,
78 Glimmered the white moon-shine.”
79 “God save thee, ancient mariner!
80 From the fiends, that plague thee thus!–
81 Why lookst thou so?” “With my crossbow
82 I shot the albatross.
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Part II
83 The sun now rose upon the right:
84 Out of the sea came he,
85 Still hid in mist, and on the left
86 Went down into the sea.
87 And the good south wind still blew behind,
88 But no sweet bird did follow,
89 Nor any day for food or play
90 Came to the mariners’ hollo!
91 And I had done an hellish thing,
92 And it would work ’em woe:
93 For all averred, I had killed the bird
94 That made the breeze to blow.
95 Ah wretch! said they, the bird to slay,
96 That made the breeze to blow!
97 Nor dim nor red, like God’s own head,
98 The glorious sun uprist:
99 Then all averred, I had killed the bird
100 That brought the fog and mist.
101 ‘Twas right, said they, such birds to slay,
102 That bring the fog and mist.
103 The fair breeze blew, the white foam flew,
104 The furrow followed free;
105 We were the first that ever burst
106 Into that silent sea.
107 Down dropped the breeze, the sails dropped down,
108’Twas sad as sad could be;
109 And we did speak only to break
110 The silence of the sea!
111 All in a hot and copper sky,
112 The bloody sun, at noon,
113 Right up above the mast did stand,
114 No bigger than the moon.
115 Day after day, day after day,
116 We stuck, nor breath nor motion;
117 As idle as a painted ship
118 Upon a painted ocean.
119 Water, water, everywhere,
120 And all the boards did shrink;
121 Water, water, everywhere,
122 Nor any drop to drink.
123 The very deeps did rot: O Christ!
124 That ever this should be!
125 Yea, slimy things did crawl with legs
126 Upon the slimy sea.
127 About, about, in reel and rout
128 The death-fires danced at night;
129 The water, like a witch’s oils,
130 Burnt green, and blue and white.
131 And some in dreams assured were
132 Of the spirit that plagued us so;
133 Nine fathom deep he had followed us
134 From the land of mist and snow.
135 And every tongue, through utter drought,
136 Was withered at the root;
137 We could not speak, no more than if
138 We had been choked with soot.
139 Ah! wel-a-day! what evil looks
140 Had I from old and young!
141 Instead of the cross, the albatross
142 About my neck was hung.
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Part III
143 There passed a weary time. Each throat
144 Was parched, and glazed each eye.
145 A weary time! A weary time!
146 How glazed each weary eye,
147 When looking westward, I beheld
148 A something in the sky.
149 At first it seemed a little speck,
150 And then it seemed a mist;
151 It moved and moved, and took at last
152 A certain shape, I wist.
153 A speck, a mist, a shape, I wist!
154 And still it neared and neared:
155 As if it dodged a water sprite,
156 It plunged and tacked and veered.
157 With throats unslaked, with black lips baked,
158 We could nor laugh nor wail;
159 Through utter drouth all dumb we stood!
160 I bit my arm, I sucked the blood,
161 And cried, A sail! a sail!
162 With throats unslaked, with black lips baked,
163 Agape they heard me call:
164 Gramercy! they for joy did grin,
165 And all at once their breath drew in,
166 As they were drinking all.
167 See! see! (I cried) she tacks no more!
168 Hither to work us weal;
169 Without a breeze, without a tide,
170 She steadies with upright keel!
171 The western wave was all aflame.
172 The day was well nigh done!
173 Almost upon the western wave
174 Rested the broad bright sun;
175 When that strange shape drove suddenly
176 Betwixt us and the sun.
177 And straight the sun was flecked with bars,
178 (Heaven’s mother send us grace!)
179 As if through a dungeon grate he peered
180 With broad and burning face.
181 Alas! (thought I, and my heart beat loud)
182 How fast she nears and nears!
183 Are those her sails that glance in the sun,
184 Like restless gossameres?
185 Are those her ribs through which the sun
186 Did peer, as through a grate?
187 And is that woman all her crew?
188 Is that a Death? and are there two?
189 Is Death that woman’s mate?
190 Her lips were red, her looks were free,
191 Her locks were yellow as gold:
192 Her skin was as white as leprosy,
193 The nightmare Life-in-Death was she,
194 Who thicks man’s blood with cold.
195 The naked hulk alongside came,
196 And the twain were casting dice;
197 ‘The game is done! I’ve won! I’ve won!’
198 Quoth she, and whistles thrice.
199 The sun’s rim dips; the stars rush out:
200 At one stride comes the dark;
201 With far-heard whisper, o’er the sea,
202 Off shot the spectre bark.
203 We listened and looked sideways up!
204 Fear at my heart, as at a cup,
205 My lifeblood seemed to sip!
206 The stars were dim, and thick the night,
207 The steersman’s face by his lamp gleamed white;
208 From the sails the dews did drip–
209 Till clomb above the eastern bar
210 The horned moon, with one bright star
211 Within the nether tip.
212 One after one, by the star-dogged moon,
213 Too quick for groan or sigh,
214 Each turned his face with ghastly pang,
215 And cursed me with his eye.
216 Four times fifty living men,
217 (And I heard nor sigh nor groan)
218 With heavy thump, a lifeless lump,
219 They dropped down one by one.
220 Their souls did from their bodies fly–
221 They fled to bliss or woe!
222 And every soul, it passed me by,
223 Like the whizz of my crossbow!”
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Part IV
224″I fear thee, ancient mariner!
225 I fear thy skinny hand!
226 And thou art long, and lank, and brown,
227 As is the ribbed sea-sand.
228 I fear thee and thy glittering eye,
229 And thy skinny hand, so brown.”–
230″Fear not, fear not, thou wedding-guest!
231 This body dropped not down.
232 Alone, alone, all, all alone,
233 Alone on a wide wide sea!
234 And never a saint took pity on
235 My soul in agony.
236 The many men, so beautiful!
237 And they all dead did lie:
238 And a thousand thousand slimy things
239 Lived on; and so did I.
240 I looked upon the rotting sea,
241 And drew my eyes away;
242 I looked upon the rotting deck,
243 And there the dead men lay.
244 I looked to heaven, and tried to pray;
245 But or ever a prayer had gushed,
246 A wicked whisper came, and made
247 My heart as dry as dust.
248 I closed my lids, and kept them close,
249 Till the balls like pulses beat;
250 For the sky and the sea, and the sea and the sky
251 Lay like a load on my weary eye,
252 And the dead were at my feet.
253 The cold sweat melted from their limbs,
254 Nor rot nor reek did they:
255 The look with which they looked on me
256 Had never passed away.
257 An orphan’s curse would drag to hell
258 A spirit from on high;
259 But oh! more horrible than that
260 Is the curse in a dead man’s eye!
261 Seven days, seven nights, I saw that curse,
262 And yet I could not die.
263 The moving moon went up the sky,
264 And nowhere did abide:
265 Softly she was going up,
266 And a star or two beside–
267 Her beams bemocked the sultry main,
268 Like April hoar-frost spread;
269 But where the ship’s huge shadow lay,
270 The charmed water burnt alway
271 A still and awful red.
272 Beyond the shadow of the ship,
273 I watched the water snakes:
274 They moved in tracks of shining white,
275 And when they reared, the elfish light
276 Fell off in hoary flakes.
277 Within the shadow of the ship
278 I watched their rich attire:
279 Blue, glossy green, and velvet black,
280 They coiled and swam; and every track
281 Was a flash of golden fire.
282 O happy living things! No tongue
283 Their beauty might declare:
284 A spring of love gushed from my heart,
285 And I blessed them unaware:
286 Sure my kind saint took pity on me,
287 And I blessed them unaware.
288 The selfsame moment I could pray;
289 And from my neck so free
290 The albatross fell off, and sank
291 Like lead into the sea.
Part V
292 Oh sleep! it is a gentle thing,
293 Beloved from pole to pole!
294 To Mary-Queen the praise be given!
295 She sent the gentle sleep from heaven,
296 That slid into my soul.
297 The silly buckets on the deck,
298 That had so long remained,
299 I dreamt that they were filled with dew;
300 And when I awoke, it rained.
301 My lips were wet, my throat was cold,
302 My garments all were dank;
303 Sure I had drunken in my dreams,
304 And still my body drank.
305 I moved, and could not feel my limbs:
306 I was so light–almost
307 I thought that I had died in sleep,
308 And was a blessed ghost.
309 And soon I heard a roaring wind:
310 It did not come anear;
311 But with its sound it shook the sails,
312 That were so thin and sere.
313 The upper air bursts into life!
314 And a hundred fire-flags sheen,
315 To and fro they were hurried about!
316 And to and fro, and in and out,
317 The wan stars danced between.
318 And the coming wind did roar more loud,
319 And the sails did sigh like sedge;
320 And the rain poured down from one black cloud;
321 The moon was at its edge.
322 The thick black cloud was cleft, and still
323 The moon was at its side:
324 Like waters shot from some high crag,
325 The lightning fell with never a jag,
326 A river steep and wide.
327 The loud wind never reached the ship,
328 Yet now the ship moved on!
329 Beneath the lightning and the moon
330 The dead men gave a groan.
331 They groaned, they stirred, they all uprose,
332 Nor spake, nor moved their eyes;
333 It had been strange, even in a dream,
334 To have seen those dead men rise.
335 The helmsman steered, the ship moved on;
336 Yet never a breeze up-blew;
337 The mariners all ‘gan work the ropes,
338 Where they were wont to do;
339 They raised their limbs like lifeless tools–
340 We were a ghastly crew.
341 The body of my brother’s son
342 Stood by me, knee to knee:
343 The body and I pulled at one rope,
344 But he said nought to me.”
345″I fear thee, ancient mariner!”
346″Be calm, thou wedding-guest!
347’Twas not those souls that fled in pain,
348 Which to their corses came again,
349 But a troop of spirits blessed.
350 For when it dawned–they dropped their arms,
351 And clustered round the mast;
352 Sweet sounds rose slowly through their mouths,
353 And from their bodies passed.
354 Around, around, flew each sweet sound,
355 Then darted to the sun;
356 Slowly the sounds came back again,
357 Now mixed, now one by one.
358 Sometimes a-dropping from the sky
359 I heard the skylark sing;
360 Sometimes all little birds that are,
361 How they seemed to fill the sea and air
362 With their sweet jargoning!
363 And now ’twas like all instruments,
364 Now like a lonely flute;
365 And now it is an angel’s song,
366 That makes the heavens be mute.
367 It ceased; yet still the sails made on
368 A pleasant noise till noon,
369 A noise like of a hidden brook
370 In the leafy month of June,
371 That to the sleeping woods all night
372 Singeth a quiet tune.
373 Till noon we silently sailed on,
374 Yet never a breeze did breathe:
375 Slowly and smoothly went the ship,
376 Moved onward from beneath.
377 Under the keel nine fathom deep,
378 From the land of mist and snow,
379 The spirit slid: and it was he
380 That made the ship to go.
381 The sails at noon left off their tune,
382 And the ship stood still also.
383 The sun, right up above the mast,
384 Had fixed her to the ocean:
385 But in a minute she ‘gan stir,
386 With a short uneasy motion–
387 Backwards and forwards half her length
388 With a short uneasy motion.
389 Then like a pawing horse let go,
390 She made a sudden bound:
391 It flung the blood into my head,
392 And I fell down in a swound.
393 How long in that same fit I lay,
394 I have not to declare;
395 But ere my living life returned,
396 I heard and in my soul discerned
397 Two voices in the air.
398 ‘Is it he?’ quoth one, ‘Is this the man?
399 By him who died on cross,
400 With his cruel bow he laid full low
401 The harmless albatross.
402 The spirit who bideth by himself
403 In the land of mist and snow,
404 He loved the bird that loved the man
405 Who shot him with his bow.’
406 The other was a softer voice,
407 As soft as honeydew:
408 Quoth he, ‘The man hath penance done,
409 And penance more will do.’
Part VI
FIRST VOICE
410’But tell me, tell me! speak again,
411 Thy soft response renewing–
412 What makes that ship drive on so fast?
413 What is the ocean doing?’
SECOND VOICE
414 ‘Still as a slave before his lord,
415 The ocean hath no blast;
416 His great bright eye most silently
417 Up to the moon is cast–
418 If he may know which way to go;
419 For she guides him smooth or grim.
420 See, brother, see! how graciously
421 She looketh down on him.’
FIRST VOICE
422’But why drives on that ship so fast,
423 Without or wave or wind?’
SECOND VOICE
424’The air is cut away before,
425 And closes from behind.
426 Fly, brother, fly! more high, more high!
427 Or we shall be belated:
428 For slow and slow that ship will go,
429 When the mariner’s trance is abated.’
430 I woke, and we were sailing on
431 As in a gentle weather:
432’Twas night, calm night, the moon was high;
433 The dead men stood together.
434 All stood together on the deck,
435 For a charnel-dungeon fitter:
436 All fixed on me their stony eyes,
437 That in the moon did glitter.
438 The pang, the curse, with which they died,
439 Had never passed away:
440 I could not draw my eyes from theirs,
441 Nor turn them up to pray.
442 And now this spell was snapped: once more
443 I viewed the ocean green,
444 And looked far forth, yet little saw
445 Of what had else been seen–
446 Like one, that on a lonesome road
447 Doth walk in fear and dread,
448 And having once turned round walks on,
449 And turns no more his head;
450 Because he knows a frightful fiend
451 Doth close behind him tread.
452 But soon there breathed a wind on me,
453 Nor sound nor motion made:
454 Its path was not upon the sea,
455 In ripple or in shade.
456 It raised my hair, it fanned my cheek
457 Like a meadow-gale of spring–
458 It mingled strangely with my fears,
459 Yet it felt like a welcoming.
460 Swiftly, swiftly flew the ship,
461 Yet she sailed softly too:
462 Sweetly, sweetly blew the breeze–
463 On me alone it blew.
464 O dream of joy! is this indeed
465 The lighthouse top I see?
466 Is this the hill? is this the kirk?
467 Is this mine own country?
468 We drifted o’er the harbour bar,
469 And I with sobs did pray–
470 O let me be awake, my God!
471 Or let me sleep alway!
472 The harbour bay was clear as glass,
473 So smoothly it was strewn!
474 And on the bay the moonlight lay,
475 And the shadow of the moon.
476 The rock shone bright, the kirk no less,
477 That stands above the rock:
478 The moonlight steeped in silentness
479 The steady weathercock.
480 And the bay was white with silent light,
481 Till rising from the same,
482 Full many shapes, that shadows were,
483 In crimson colours came.
484 A little distance from the prow
485 Those crimson shadows were:
486 I turned my eyes upon the deck–
487 O Christ! what saw I there!
488 Each corse lay flat, lifeless and flat,
489 And, by the holy rood!
490 A man all light, a seraph man,
491 On every corse there stood.
492 This seraph band, each waved his hand:
493 It was a heavenly sight!
494 They stood as signals to the land,
495 Each one a lovely light;
496 This seraph band, each waved his hand,
497 No voice did they impart–
498 No voice; but oh! the silence sank
499 Like music on my heart.
500 But soon I heard the dash of oars,
501 I heard the pilot’s cheer;
502 My head was turned perforce away
503 And I saw a boat appear.
504 The pilot and the pilot’s boy,
505 I heard them coming fast:
506 Dear Lord in heaven! it was a joy
507 The dead men could not blast.
508 I saw a third–I heard his voice:
509 It is the hermit good!
510 He singeth loud his godly hymns
511 That he makes in the wood.
512 He’ll shrieve my soul, he’ll wash away
513 The albatross’s blood.
Part VII
514 This hermit good lives in that wood
515 Which slopes down to the sea.
516 How loudly his sweet voice he rears!
517 He loves to talk with mariners
518 That come from a far country.
519 He kneels at morn, and noon, and eve–
520 He hath a cushion plump:
521 It is the moss that wholly hides
522 The rotted old oak stump.
523 The skiff boat neared: I heard them talk,
524’Why, this is strange, I trow!
525 Where are those lights so many and fair,
526 That signal made but now?’
527’Strange, by my faith!’ the hermit said–
528’And they answered not our cheer!
529 The planks look warped! and see those sails,
530 How thin they are and sere!
531 I never saw aught like to them,
532 Unless perchance it were
533 Brown skeletons of leaves that lag
534 My forest-brook along;
535 When the ivy tod is heavy with snow,
536 And the owlet whoops to the wolf below,
537 That eats the she-wolf’s young.’
538’Dear Lord! it hath a fiendish look,’
539 The pilot made reply,
540’I am a-feared’–‘Push on, push on!’
541 Said the hermit cheerily.
542 The boat came closer to the ship,
543 But I nor spake nor stirred;
544 The boat came close beneath the ship,
545 And straight a sound was heard.
546 Under the water it rumbled on,
547 Still louder and more dread:
548 It reached the ship, it split the bay;
549 The ship went down like lead.
550 Stunned by that loud and dreadful sound,
551 Which sky and ocean smote
552 Like one that hath been seven days drowned
553 My body lay afloat;
554 But swift as dreams, myself I found
555 Within the pilot’s boat.
556 Upon the whirl, where sank the ship,
557 The boat spun round and round;
558 And all was still, save that the hill
559 Was telling of the sound.
560 I moved my lips–the pilot shrieked
561 And fell down in a fit;
562 The holy hermit raised his eyes,
563 And prayed where he did sit.
564 I took the oars: the pilot’s boy,
565 Who now doth crazy go,
566 Laughed loud and long, and all the while
567 His eyes went to and fro.
568’Ha! ha!’ quoth he, ‘full plain I see,
569 The devil knows how to row.’
570 And now, all in my own country,
571 I stood on the firm land!
572 The hermit stepped forth from the boat,
573 And scarcely he could stand.
574’Oh shrieve me, shrieve me, holy man!’
575 The hermit crossed his brow.
576’Say quick,’ quoth he, ‘I bid thee say–
577 What manner of man art thou?’
578 Forthwith this frame of mine was wrenched
579 With a woeful agony,
580 Which forced me to begin my tale;
581 And then it left me free.
582 Since then, at an uncertain hour,
583 That agony returns:
584 And till my ghastly tale is told,
585 This heart within me burns.
586 I pass, like night, from land to land;
587 I have strange power of speech;
588 The moment that his face I see,
589 I know the man that must hear me:
590 To him my tale I teach.
591 What loud uproar bursts from that door!
592 The wedding-guests are there:
593 But in the garden-bower the bride
594 And bridemaids singing are:
595 And hark the little vesper bell,
596 Which biddeth me to prayer!
597 O wedding-guest! This soul hath been
598 Alone on a wide wide sea:
599 So lonely ’twas, that God himself
600 Scarce seemed there to be.
601 Oh sweeter than the marriage feast,
602′ Tis sweeter far to me,
603 To walk together to the kirk
604 With a goodly company!–
605 To walk together to the kirk,
606 And all together pray,
607 While each to his great Father bends,
608 Old men, and babes, and loving friends
609 And youths and maidens gay!
610 Farewell, farewell! but this I tell
611 To thee, thou wedding-guest!
612 He prayeth well, who loveth well
613 Both man and bird and beast.
614 He prayeth best, who loveth best
615 All things both great and small;
616 For the dear God who loveth us,
617 He made and loveth all.”
618 The mariner, whose eye is bright,
619 Whose beard with age is hoar,
620 Is gone: and now the wedding-guest
621 Turned from the bridegroom’s door.
622 He went like one that hath been stunned,
623 And is of sense forlorn:
624 A sadder and a wiser man,
625 He rose the morrow morn.
*Remember! Did you find any sound devices used to spin a tale of a sea replete with zombies and a dead albatross?

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