Odisha State Board English — The Cancer Fight – from Hiroshima to Huston

The cancer fight, from Hiroshima to Nagasaki
Think it out 1…
1. The atomic bomb explosion by the U.S. on Hiroshima in 1945 and the deadly aftermath of radiation exposure made it a part of the world history.
2. The three traumatic events of Ritsuko’s childhood were the death of almost half of her relatives including her father & Sadako Sasaki, her closest friend, and finally, the fact that she grew up in the shadows of the killer radiation unleashed by the bomb explosion.
3. Ritusko was devastated by the tragic loss of her near and dear ones. At the same time, she became determined to understand and fight cancer.
4. Dr Komaki’s specialization is proton-based radiation therapy.
5. She is famous for her extensive research in the safe and most effective proton radiation beam therapy.
6. For oncologists, the effective proton radiation beam therapy is the safest yet the most effective way of therapy available today.
7. Komaki prefers university over private institutions when it comes to her work and research as she firmly believes that pioneering cancer treatment work is done very efficiently and rigorously in a university. Private clinics and hospitals lack the manpower and organization to vet the patients and conduct and monitor treatment on patients.
8. Dr. Komaki likes to teach as she is keen on propagating her new ideas and findings among many more number of cancer doctors.
9. Komaki is a dedicated and pioneering cancer doctor. She is keen to find ways to alleviate the sufferings of cancer patients. For a person of such missionary zeal, money is much less than conducting path-breaking research.
10. Her mission in life is to develop new and effective means to cure cancer and pass on her skills to as many new doctors as possible, so that doomed cancer patients get a new lease of life.
11. “She no longer fears it”- means that she no longer fears the deadly disease of cancer.
12. Surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, & photon therapy were used for treating cancer before proton therapy got added to the cancer surgeon’s array of tools for treatment of the disease
13. Initially, Komaki learnt that surgery was the only recourse for both the doctors and patients to combat cancer. She came to know about the efficacy of radiation later.
14. In the U.S., she came to learn about the revolutionary proton therapy.
15. She learnt that localized radiation treatment was less harmful than the chemotherapy. She also realized that it was un-focused nature radiation that caused so much collateral damage to the patient’s body.
16. Komaki and her husband started proton therapy in the Anderson Cancer Center by pushing the same unit they had in Houston.
17. The advent of proton therapy happened in 1954.
18. Komaki’s expertise on proton therapy holds immense promise for future of cancer cure and research. It would prove to be a giant stride to alleviate the sufferings of and even cure cancer patients.

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Odisha State Board English ..London in Minus Four

London in minus fours

Think it out 1
Answer 1.. .. Gandhi represented the voice of large sections of Indians. His charm and personality made him eminently qualified to represent India in the Round Table Conference. So, he was chosen as the sole representative of Congress in the London Conference.
Answer2 . .. Gandhi made his way into the hearts of the poor Londoners by his jovial nature and his disarming modesty. During his morning strolls, he charmed everyone whom he encountered on the way through his smiles and greetings. Even the children were attracted to him. At times, Gandhi used to call on people at their homes. The rapport he built with the British endeared him to one and all.

 

Think it out 2
Answer 1 .. .. To the journalists question about his scanty dress, Gandhi replied saying that they wore ‘plus-fours’, where as he wore‘minus-fours’.
Answer 2 ….Gandhiji wore his usual frugal dress even while going to meet the King. He wore a loincloth, sandals, and a shawl. His dollar watch hung from his waist.
Answer 3. ..Gandhi had a ready repartee who asked him if he was properly dressed for his meeting with the King. Gandhi quipped that the King had enough clothes on his body for both of them.

Answer 4 ..Gandhiji enjoyed himself in London by meeting many famous personalities like Lord lrwen, David Lloyd Geroge, Marshal Smuts, Bernard Shaw. He also had some public meetings. However, Winston Churchill refused to see him.

Answer 5 ..Gandhiji’s idea was to completely severe all links of India with the British colonial authority. However, he was not in favour of cutting off relations with the Britain. To this end, he wanted India to remain in the Commonwealth as a free nation rubbing shoulders with the British government in equal terms.

Answer 6 .. By ‘creative independence’, Gandhi visualized a free India. Freedom had to foster love, friendship, work, progress, prosperity, unity, and security for the independent people. Freedom for namesake was not what Gandhi wanted.

Think it out 3 – In London in Minus Fours

Answer 1. Gandhij’s qualities like charm, frankness, humility, and accessibility turned his opponents into his friends.

Answer 2 ..Gandhi remained steadfast on his noble principles. He never allowed jealousy, vengeance or rivalry to creep into his mind. He was fair and honest with both friend and foe alike. His life was open and transparent. He readily apologized for the smallest discourtesy to anyone. Thus, he won many friends even among those whom he criticized.

Answer 3 ..Mahatma Gandi’s work outside the Round Table Conference was to convince the people about the genuineness of India’s sorrows and her craving for freedom.

Answer 4 ..The second Round Table conference failed as Lord Reading stubbornly refused to give any tangible relief to India with regard to the demand for freedom. Lord Reading reiterated that Britain would continue to colonize India.

Answer 5 ..Mr. Gandhi built a rapport with the Scotland detectives by treating them equally and in the friendliest way. He visited their homes. He didn’t maintain any distance with them during public appearances. On returning to India, he sent them two watches as his personal presents.

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Odisha State Board – The Golden Touch by Nethaniel Hawthrone.

THE GOLDEN TOUCH

Model answers

Think it out 1..
1. King Midas had fabulous wealth, with an insatiable obsession with gold. He loved his daughter Marygold and would lavish gold on her as a symbol of love. The King derived great satisfaction from his possession of a gold crown.
2. Upon seeing the golden light of the sun, he wished if it could turn everything into gold.
3. He considered the roses grown in her garden as too mundane and ordinary. They didn’t enthuse him a bit. He wished his garden had roses of gold.
4. As his favourite pastime, he would walk to hid hidden store where gold coins were kept. Then he would count them one by one. The jingle of the coins pleased him a lot. At times, he would hold a gold bar, and start imagining gold cups and plates.
5. The stranger made his appearance inside his top-secret treasure room as soon as the first rays of the Sun came in. The king was baffled to see him. He had a soft smile in his face.
6. The King had concluded that the stranger had magical powers. On hearing his query about his want, the king asked him about ways to hasten his amassing of gold. Quite foolishly, the king wanted the power to transform everything he touched to gold.
7. In order to fulfil the wishes of King Midas, the stranger assured him that he would get his golden touch as soon as the sun rose the next day.

 

The golden touch – Think it out 2
1. Quite early in the morning, the king discovered that his desire for the golden touch had been fulfilled when a piece of cloth near him turned into gold upon his touch.
2. On touch, the king’s spectacles turned to gold making it useless as a device for vision. However, the king was not unduly perturbed. The golden touch was far more beneficial than a pair of glasses, he construed.
3. Marygold’s complaint about the red roses was that they had lost both their beauty and sweet scent.
4. The king consoled his daughter by saying that the golden roses were worth much more than the real ones. So, she needn’t be so distraught at the conversion,’ the king reasoned with her.
5. The king couldn’t enjoy his delicious breakfast as it all turned into gold as soon as he tried to eat.
6. When Midas kissed his dear daughter Marygold, she turned into gold. Her sweet little face turned into yellowish gold. She remained frozen in her new Avarar.

 

The Golden Touch – Think it out 3…
1. The king had rejoiced at his newly-acquired ‘golden touch’ till he touched his dear daughter Marygold. When she froze to a golden, lifeless girl, the king was devastated. He quickly realized his folly and concluded that the ‘golden touch’ was a useless gift.
2. The king was filled with remorse for so blindly pursuing gold. He realized that all the ordinary worldly things were more useful than gold. When he asked the stranger to revoke the gift, the latter commented like this.
3. In order to get rid of the golden touch the stranger advised the king to wash himself in the river at the end of his garden and to sprinkle water from the same river over anything to change them to their default state.
4. As soon as King Midas sprinkled water on Marygold, she sprang back to life.
5. The story is nothing more than a comic, because no such thing can ever happen. All these happened because of the foolishness of King Midas.

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Odisha State Board – English literature -Standing up for Yourself by Yevgeny Yevtoshenko

STANDING UP FOR YOURSELF by Yevgeny Yevtushenko

Answers to short questions…

Think it out 1..
The writer is an adult while he narrates his childhood experiences.
The narrator did not have a happy childhood. After his parents divorced, he was left to fend for himself. He lived virtually in the streets, and his education was in tatters.
He had no contact with his father after his parents were divorced. His father working in far-off Kazakhstan never wrote him a letter.
The narrator’s mother, who used to be a geologist, resigned from her job. She became a singer giving concerts for soldiers.
The statement, “My education was left to the streets’ implies that he had no access to a decent education. Instead, he spent his time in the streets exposed to the coarseness and criminality of street kids.
In my opinion the best lesson the street taught him was to overcome his fear of those mightier than him.

 

Think it out 2..
1. Scars from daily fights and constant battle with the odds of streets had robbed him his childlike innocent look. He had big and broad shoulders which made him look so much older than his age of 16.
2. He had two or three younger accomplices who acted as his aides in his criminal assaults on innocent passers-by. They hung around Red and helped him in looting the victims.
3. Red wore a cap that was swept backwards. His hair in the front fell out of the cap.
4. Perhaps, he purposely dressed and walked so menacingly, so that he could instill fear in others.
5. The lieutenants were his comrades who formed the gang. In order to show their solidarity with Red, they too wore their caps in similar manner.
6. A dog is the pet that follows its master as loyally as the lieutenants followed Red.
7. Red used to accost a pedestrian, utter the word ‘money’. His lieutenants then subdued the victim by force and empty his pocket of any cash.
8. He resorted to intimidation and force to counter anyone who came in his way. If necessary, he would use his knuckle-duster to do bodily harm to the stranger.
9. Yes, initially he was. He said, “Everyone was afraid of Red. So was I.” Later, he overcame his fear through determination.

 

Think it out 3..
1. In order to overcome his fear of Red, the narrator wrote a poem about him.
2. The people in the street were thrilled by the poem’s sarcasm.
3. By triumphant hatred, it means that the poem had the desired effect of irking Red, the bully everyone disliked. They rejoiced at the annoyance of Red.
4. Red sneered at the narrator saying that he writes the verses & asked if they rhyme.
5. In his first encounter with Red, the narrator got badly injured as he was struck on his head by Red’s knuckle duster.
6. No, the narrator says this cynically.
7. For narrator, overcoming the fear of Red was more difficult.
8. In the second encounter, the narrator didn’t even dare to go in front of Red & felt too ashamed because of this.

 

Think it out 4..
1. In order to be stronger, the narrator trained with parallel bars and weight that made his muscles stronger. He also practiced a Japanese method of wrestling called ju-jitsu from a book. This technique enabled a person to effectively take on another much stronger foe.
2. The narrator got a textbook on ju-jitsu by forsaking a week’s ration entitlement towards the cost.
3. Before his final encounter with Red, the narrator trained for three weeks. He practiced the new method with two boys.
4. The final encounter took place in the community yard where the narrator lived. Red was engrossed in playing vingt-et-un with his friends by sitting on the lawn.
5. The narrator had decided to confront Red frontally. The narrator went up to Red & defiantly kicked and scattered the cards he was playing with.
6. Red was surprised by the audacity and belligerence of the narrator. He sprang to his feet to counter the narrator.
7. The narrator lunged forward and gave Red a hard blow which left him seething in pain.
8. Clearly, Red found the narrator too skilled and strong to counter. He had to drop his knuckle-duster when the narrator squeezed his wrist.
9. During his last encounter with Red, the narrator learned that he need not fear a person way too stronger than him. The stronger adversary can be neutralized by suitable fighting skill.
10. The narrator prepared himself to be a poet.
11. True: Courage means conquering fear. Timidity before a stronger foe only emboldens him. So, the right approach is to take him head on.

If you are requesting answer for any question relating to this topic, I would be willing to give you the same on payment in the following terms ..

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Village Song by Sarojini Naidu –Odisha State Board English Class X

Village Song by Sarojini Naidu

Meaning….
First stanza … The scene is set in a rural household where a marriage ceremony is about to begin. Such ceremonies are generally marked by a lot of mirth and merry-making. The bride is bedecked with beautiful attire and nice ornaments to look her best. The rituals that precede the marriage are the bride’s mother’s responsibility. In this case, the girl, perhaps of her tender age, childlike simplicity, or an abiding love for Nature seems unwilling to be chained to the marital bond.
Quite naturally, the mother is distraught. Her daughter’s indifference appears so distressful to her. She asks her daughter if she is determined to abort the marriage, and disappoint the bridegroom who is soon to arrive. She reminds the nonchalant daughter about the affection she had showered on her in bringing her up. She draws her daughter’s attention to the beautiful jewellery she was wearing for the occasion.
Second stanza … The daughter replies that the woods beckon her. She wants to escape to the forest to be able to enjoy the many sweet sights and sounds there. The champa tree is laden with the beautiful yellow blossoms. The aroma is irresistible. The river flowing by the village has tiny islands that are home to the koil. The lotus and the lilies add to the charm of the surrounding. The fairy folks sing their songs. All these mean far more enjoyable to the girl than the mundane pleasures of a married life.
Third stanza … The mother finds the daughter’s fantasy to be nothing but silly. She reminds her about the many happiness of worldly life. The bridal songs are sweet and joyful. Motherhood brings fulfillment and pleasure. The bliss of marital leisure is something rare and irresistible. The sarees have been woven with meticulous care in silver and saffron colour. Elaborate meals are being made ready. Saying all these, the mother beseeches her daughter to stay back and be at the center stage of the festivities.
Fourth stanza … The bride seems unimpressed. She discerns sorrow and misery that invariably mar the happiness of marriage. Like a saint with profound wisdom, the daughter says that all the joys of life are transitory. They come and go, ceding place to suffering and disappointment.
She feels a life in the lap of Nature gives enduring happiness. The charm of the woods never disappears. The calling of the forest is pristine and pure. The brook in the forest falls relentlessly. They are a treat to the eye. Narrating all these, the daughter says she is leaving the home for the wilderness of the forests.
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Odisha State Board Class X English Literature — Tryst with Destiny

Tryst with Destiny .. by Nehru

Introduction .. After a long freedom struggle that lasted nearly a century, India got her freedom. The path to freedom was riddled with many unforeseen difficulties, desertion of leaders to form rival factions, ideological rifts and many painful compromises that cost India dearly. The partition of the subcontinent bled the country white. Leaders inflamed passions by making the Hindus and Muslims turn on one another with beastly vengeance. Mahatma Gandhi, whom millions revered as the ‘Father’ or ‘Bapu’ was felled by a fanatic who thought Gandhi was too soft on the Muslims. The violence lasted for months. As blood spilled in the streets, Mahatma saw his message of love and harmony being trampled with utter contempt. Revulsion and remorse gripped his mind, and he refused to take part in any merry making when his cherished dream — free India – came to fruition.

It would be unwise to say that such sadness had not affected Nehru. He was a pragmatist. As the first prime minister of an ancient country, he had a daunting task in hand. He had to lead the country to learn to govern itself, chart a course of rapid growth, and modernize itself to command respect in the international stage. The task was very challenging. The enormity of task set Nehru’s heart aflutter.
With romantic idealism and a steely resolve to forge ahead leaving behind the past, Nehru assumed the reins of the country with steely resolve and unbounded energy. He knew he was making history. His heart must have throbbed as he stepped forward to make his speech in the Parliament Hall.
From his speech, we get a glimpse of the torrent of sadness and regret that remained in the back of his mind as he spoke. Utilizing his superb oratory skills, he exuded boundless energy, conviction of purpose, and a vision that was mesmeric, audacious, and lofty.
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Answers ..
1. What is the pledge we shall redeem? .. At the outset of the freedom struggle, many eminent and patriotic Indians had conjured an India that would be free, prosperous and vibrant. The foreign yoke had to be cast off for India to find her feet. This is the pledge Nehru wants to renew.
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