Writing a notice for school notice board

                                   NOTICE                                         Date ………..
The much-awaited inter-school science exhibition for the year 2015 is going to be held in the 1st week of November in the R.K. College premises. There will be participants from nearly 30 schools.
Our school has won prizes in this event many times in the past.
The entrants must be from Class 7 & 8 only. There is no entry fee. All those who have interesting ideas and desire to participate in it must give their names to the Head Master’s office by 20th of October. Additionally, they should discuss their ideas with our science teacher Mr. ———-. All the assistance including the use of school’s computer lab and other inputs will be provided free to the entrants.
All students of Class 7 & 8 are hereby requested to come forward enthusiastically and submit their names to the undersigned.

 

Headmaster
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Advanced grammar exercise 3

Advanced grammar exercise 3

Fill in the blanks to complete the sentences. You will have to choose a suitable word from the list given in red and add a verb in the past tense / would + an infinitive.
Redecorate, Tidy up, Join, Not be, Go sailing, Convert, Bake, Care about.
1. If I had more energy, I — ——— the garden.
2. If I could find the recipe, I ——- ——— you a beautiful cake.
3. I’d read more poetry if most of it ——- ————- so boring.
4. We —– ——– the kitchen if we didn’t disagree passionately about the colour.
5. If you really — —- me, you would talk to me instead of watching football on TV.
6. If I were free on Saturdays, I ——– ——– on weekends.
7. If we ——— ———- the attic, it would make a nice playroom for the children.
8. Would you laugh at me, if I ——– —— the navy?

[Answers will be posted soon.]

Answers ….

1. If I had more energy, I would tidy up the garden.
2. If I could find the recipe, I would bake you a beautiful cake.
3. I’d read more poetry if most of it was / were not so boring.
4. We would redecorate the kitchen if we didn’t disagree passionately about the colour.
5. If you really cared about me, you would talk to me instead of watching football on TV.
6. If I were free on Saturdays, I would go sailing on weekends.
7. If we converted the attic, it would make a nice playroom for the children.
8. Would you laugh at me, if I joined the navy?

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Advanced Grammae exercise 2

Advanced grammar test 2 …

Say if the following sentences are correct or wrong. Also, correct the wrong sentences.
1. My brother is hard to learn a new language.
2. When Lucy arrived in Bangalore, her English pronunciation was impossible to understand it.
3. Our guide is really interesting to talk to.
4. In our village, we made a mud house for our children to play in it.
5. This tree is much too slippery to climb.
6. I’d like to go away for the weak end, but I have got nobody to go with.
[Answers will be posted soon.]

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Model answer  ...

1. My brother is hard to learn a new language. Wrong  

Corrected answer … Learning a language is hard for my brother.

Or

It is hard for my brother to learn a new language.

2. When Lucy arrived in Bangalore, her English pronunciation was impossible to understand it. Wrong

Corrected sentence … When Lucy arrived in Bangalore, her English pronunciation was impossible to understand.

3. Our guide is really interesting to talk to.   Correct

4. In our village, we made a mud house for our children to play in it. Wrong  

Corrected answer …. In our village, we made a mud house for our children to play in.

5. This tree is much too slippery to climb. Correct

6. I’d like to go away for the weak end, but I have got nobody to go with. Correct

 

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Advanced grammar test

Grammar skill test

Some sentences are given below. They have some words in italics. You have to choose the right word from the two or three choices mentioned side by side. Additionally, you have to insert the right word in the blank position. The list of possible words are given in red.

Reservation, Shares, Pass, Expenses, Election, Estimate, Company, Form

Sentences ….

1. If somebody stopped / stops / will stop you at the conference hall gate, show him this ——-.

2. If you fill / filled in the ——— —— last week, you don’t / didn’t need to do it again now.

3. I will be really upset if the Jan Sabha Party wins / will win the ———–.

4. How will you sustain yourself in Bangalore if the —— rolls down // will roll down its shutters?

5. If I sell / will sell my car, it reduces / will reduce my monthly ——– a great deal.

6. If we buy / will buy ———— of ONGC Ltd, will we earn a lot of money in a short time?

7. We decide / will decide whether to repair the roof when we get / will get the builder’s————-.

8. If our office secretary has / had forgotten to make a ———, we probably don’t / won’t get a seat in the theatre.

[Answers will be posted very soon.]

————————————————.—————————————

Answers …

Answers …
1. If somebody stops you at the conference hall gate, show him this pass.

2. If you filled in the form last week, you don’t need to do it again now.

3. I will be really upset if the Jan Sabha Party wins the election.

4. How will you sustain yourself in Bangalore if the company rolls down its shutters?

5. If I sell my car, it will reduce my monthly expenses a great deal.

6. If we buy shares in ONGC Ltd, will we earn a lot of money in a short time?
7. We will decide whether to repair the roof when we get the builder’s estimate.
8. If our office secretary has forgotten to make a reservation, we probably won’t get a seat in the theatre.

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Precis Writing exercise with answer

Write a précis of the following write-up. You should reduce its word count to one third without omitting important points.
[Total words 171, Précis to have 57 to 62 words maximum.]

Write-up ..

One of our most difficult problems is what we call discipline and it is really very complex. You see, society feels that it must control or discipline the citizen, shape his mind according to certain religious, social, moral and economic patterns.

Now, is discipline necessary at all? Please listen carefully. Don’t immediately say YES or NO. Most of us feel, especially while we are young, that there should be no discipline, that we should be allowed to do whatever we like and we think that is freedom. But merely to say that we should be free and so on has very little meaning without understanding the whole problem of discipline.

The keen athlete is disciplining himself the whole time, isn’t he? His joy in playing games and the very necessity to keep fit makes him go to bed early, refrain from smoking, eat the right food and generally observe the rules of good health. His discipline and punctuality is not an imposition but a natural outcome of his enjoyment of athletics.

—————————————–.————————–

Model answer .. The word ‘discipline’ has an intriguing connotation. Society intends to ensure that all its members conform to certain religious, moral, and economic norms.
The perception about discipline changes with age. For the energetic, playful youngster, discipline is an undesirable fetter. But, for a grown-up competing to excel in the profession such as in athletics, self-imposed discipline becomes the key to success.

Word count in this précis .. 61 Ideal word count 57

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Grammar exercise (Punctuation marks)

Grammar exercise (Punctuation marks)
[Insert a suitable punctuation mark like comma, semicolon, or nothing in the spaces between the words marked in red.]

1. One pupil stood up and asked a question about the late Dr. Abdul Kalam then there was a long silence.
2. We will declare the result as soon as the computer finishes its job.
3. The joints are worn out also the muscles are weak.
4. It was blisteringly hot and the cattle rested under the trees.
5. The judge could not deliver the judgment because the convict fell ill suddenly in the court.
6. Rama is taller than Hari, and Hari is taller than Gopal therefore Rama is taller than Gopal.
7. Not enough people came to the meeting so the rally was cancelled.

[Answers will be posted tomorrow.]

———————————————.————————————

Answers …

1. One pupil stood up and asked a question about the late Dr. Abdul Kalam ; then there was a long silence. Semicolon introduced after Kalam.

2. We will declare the result, as soon as the computer finishes its job. Insert comma.
3. The joints are worn out; also the muscles are weak. Insert semicolon.
4. It was blisteringly hot, and the cattle rested under the trees. Insert comma.
5. The judge could not deliver the judgment, because the convict fell ill suddenly in the court. Insert comma
6. Rama is taller than Hari, and Hari is taller than Gopal; therefore Rama is taller than Gopal. Insert semicolon
7. Not enough people came to the meeting, so the rally was cancelled. Insert comma.

Many readers may differ with the answers. We would like to hear from them.

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Sentence correction 2

Sentence correction 2..
[Mark ‘C’ for correct sentences and ‘W’ for wrong sentences. Also correct the wrong ones.]
1. In my grandfather’s time, children usually left the school at 4pm.
2. My brother-in-law is doctor in the local government hospital.
3. Could you close a door when you go out?
4. In our country, the most people like to watch cricket.
5. In Bollywood, who is the most beautiful actress?
6. Computers can do nearly everything.
7. I lived in the South India for a few years.
8. How is the Modi’s new cabinet working?
9. My eldest brother-in-law has got the very complicated mind.
10. Have you got Saridon? I have got a headache.
11. What is most beautiful story you have ever written?
 [Answers will be posted soon.]
——————————————————.———————————-
Answers ……
1. In my grandfather’s time, children usually left school at 4pm. [Omit ‘the’.]
2. My brother-in-law is a doctor in the local government hospital.  [Insert ‘a ‘.]
3. Could you close the door when you go out?  [Substitute ‘a ‘ by ‘the’.]
4. In our country, most people like to watch cricket.  [Omit ‘the’.]
5. In Bollywood, who is the most beautiful actress? Correct, no change.
6. Computers can do nearly everything. Correct, no change.
7. I lived in South India for a few years.    [Omit ‘the’.]
8. How is Modi’s new cabinet working?  [Omit ‘the’.]
9. My eldest brother-in-law has got a very complicated mind. [Substitute ‘the’ by ‘a’.]
10. Have you got Saridon? I have got  headache. [Omit ‘a’.]
11. What is the most beautiful story you have ever written? [Insert ‘the.]
 
 
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Sentence correction exercise 1

Sentence correction 1..

[Mark ‘C’ for correct sentences and ‘W’ for wrong sentences. Also correct the wrong ones.]

1. We have no hope of winning the match if we don’t our practice from today.
2. I hate the thought to get old when I am just 42.
3. Is it time for going now?
4. Lucy had difficulty locating the new office.
5. We made a decision of going home when we learned that the train had been cancelled.
6. I got over my fear to fly after a lot of counseling.
7. We gave up our plan to move when our brother fell sick.
8. There is no need to be disagreeable when a mere hint will change your wife.
9. After her long-awaited marriage, she liked the idea of taking a year off.
10. I have a strong wish to be alone when I lose money heavily.
11. Is there any need for me to translate??
12. My idea was for us to meet at 10am to discuss the proposal.

(Answer in the next post)

———————————————————————————–

Answers …

1. Correct

2. Wrong. The correct answer is … I hate the thought of getting old when I am just 42.

3. Wrong .. The correct answer is .. Is it time to go now?

4. Correct

5.  WrongWe made a decision to get home when we learned that the train had been cancelled.

6. Wrong  .. I got over of my fear of flying after a lot of counseling.

7. Correct

8. Correct

9. Wrong  After her long-awaited marriage, she liked the idea of taking a year off.

10. Wrong  I have a strong wish of being alone after I lose money heavily.

11. Wrong  Is there need for me to do the translation?

12. Correct

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Grammar tips — Use of ‘-ing’ as noun

Some confusion inherent in English grammar ….

Read the construction of the following sentences

Do you mind my speaking (in) Hindi? .. Very formal and fully correct
Do you mind me speaking (in) Hindi? … Informal, but acceptable
I understand his wanting a change in his duty. Very formal and fully correct
I understand him wanting a change in his duty. Informal, but acceptable
The bank’s agreeing to extend the deadline for loan repayment made things a lot easier. Very formal and fully correct
The bank agreeing to extend the deadline for loan repayment made things a lot easier. Informal, but acceptable
————————-.——————–
Other ways of the use of –ing is as follows. [All these uses are deemed correct.]
a. The worst thing about the result publication is the waiting that precedes it.

b. All the ceaseless arguing in T.V debates frays my nerves.

c. The most horrible time for a job is the waiting for the interview call.

d. The frying of fish in my neighbour’s home made my vegetarian mother vomit.

e. The shouting and screaming of the captain made the players feel humiliated.

f. Lighting fires in forests by picnickers is forbidden.
Or
The lighting of fires in forests by picnickers is forbidden.

But, don’t write ..
The lighting fires in forests is forbidden.
————————.———————–

Exercise …

Rewrite the following sentences to make them look more ‘informal’.

1. I am surprised at his accepting my invitation to come for tea. Model answer .. I am surprised at him accepting my invitation to come for tea. Or I am surprised that he has accepted my invitation to come for tea.

2. Do you mind my sitting beside you? Answer .. Do you mind if I sit here?

3. I don’t understand Kohli’s declining invitation for the fashion show.

4. We were surprised at Pariker’s being appointed Defense Minister.

5. I hate Mamta Banarjee’s blowing hot and cold over minor political issues.

6. I detest his lecturing us on morality when he himself is so immoral.

7. Do you remember my telling you I have kept Rs. One lakh as fixed deposit in your name?

8. I am worried about the coach’s not traveling with the team.
———————————-.———————–
Some more hints …
a. His resignation from the post of the Vice Chancellor’s post shocked everyone. Good way
His resigning from the post of Vice Chancellor shocked everyone . Does not sound good, but acceptable

b. Kejriwal’s decision to challenge the Lieutenant Governor was quite courageous. Good way
Kejriwal’s deciding to challenge the Lieutenant Governor was quite courageous. Does not sound good, but acceptable.

[Answers will be posted tomorrow.]
————————–END——————–

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Answers to Grammar exercises

Answers to Grammar exercise for the young and ambitious (No.1)
Grammar exercises …
Make sentences with …
Stand by (both meanings)
Meaning 1 .. Traditionally, Russia has stood by India, but the same can not be said about the U.S.
Meaning 2 .. During the Olympic games, hundreds of fire tenders stand by to douse any fire that can break out.

 

Put off (both meanings)
Meaning 1 ..The prime minister’s foreign trip had to be put off by a fortnight due to the spurt of Maoist killings in different parts of the country. [Postponed]
Meaning 2 .. The guests in the five-star hotel were put off by the smell of the freshly-painted walls. [Irritated]
Seldom..
The estranged wife seldom meets her husband.
Custodial ..
a. Since the accused was not cooperating with the police, the latter prayed the judge to grant custodial interrogation for two days.
b. Custodial death of a convict iis very seriously viewed by the courts.
Upbringing .. His suave nature points to his aristocratic upbringing.
Go by ..
Meaning 1 .. As years went by, the hot-headed prison guard became mellowed and mild.
Meaning 2 .. Going by the account of the intelligence officer, the Commandant ordered intense combing of the forest to nab the brigand.
Go-by .. Routinely, political parties give decency and decorum the go-by during parliament debates.
Rip off .. a. For short term gains, the Taliban rip off the ornamental stone deposits of Afghanistan through destructive mining practices.
b. We felt ripped off after we paid our bill in the luxury hill-top restaurant.
Rip-off .. Some NGOs have accused China of rip-off because of the its highly exploitative mining policies in Africa.
See through …
Meaning 1 .. IMF loans see distressed countries through periods of financial crises. [Tide over a difficulty]
Meaning 2 .. Pakistanis have seen through the insidious propaganda of the Taliban and no longer welcome them with open arms. [Recognize some harmful thing early enough]
See-through .. Film actresses often wear see-through dresses to enhance their sex appeal.
Run down …. a.The girl broke into tears when her teacher ran her down before others for her poor handwriting.
b. My son was upset because his sister had run his electric toy down when he was at school.
c. The government of India has let many archeological monuments to run down for want of funds.
d. The husband used to cook dinner every night as he knew how the office work ran his pregnant wife down.
e. In a case of apparent drunken driving, Salman Khan’s car ran down a few pedestrians. Now, Salman stares at long years behind bars.
Run-down .. a. Detriot now looks like a run-down ghost town.
c. Hippies and illegal immigrants used to live in the run-down buildings in the outskirts of the city.
Run off … The orphans, unable to live in the sub-human conditions of the juvenile shelter, ran off, but were quickly apprehended and brought back.
Offbeat.. Mrinal Sen excelled in making offbeat, low-budget films.
Upbeat … The mood in the BJP camp is upbeat after its unusually good showing in the municipal elections.
Downcast … a. The test match started under cloudy down-cast skies.
b. The atmosphere in the bride’s house became downcast after they heard about fresh dowry demands from the groom.
Cast off …. a. A snake casts off its skin at periodic intervals.
b. Swami Vivekananda had called upon the Indians to cast off their inferiority complex.
Castaway .. The discovery of a castaway in the store of the ship left the captain in a quandary.
—————————-.——————-
Change the degree of the following sentences ..
1. This chilli is one of the hottest in the chilli basket. [First and second]
Answer .. [First degree] …. Only a few chillies in the basket are as hot as this one.
[Second degree] .. This chilli is hotter than most others in the basket.
2. This cycle is among the oldest in this cycle stand. [First and second]
Answer .. [First degree] .. Only a few cycles in the stand are as old as this one.
[Second degree] … This cycle is older than most others in the cycle shed.
3. Rupa’s performance in the sports competition this year was the best so far ever since she started participating five years ago. [First and second degree]
Answer .. [First degree] .. Rupa’s performance in sports in the last five years were not as good as her performance this year.
[Second degree] .. Rupa performed better in sports this year than the earlier five years.
4. Asit has scored higher marks than most others in the class. [Third and first]
Answer .. [Third degree] ..Asit’s score is one among the highest in the class.
[First degree] …Very few in the class have scored as high as Asit.
5. Ramesh scored the third highest marks in the class. [First and second]
Answer … [First degree] .. Except two students, none scored as high as Ramesh in the class.
[Second] .. Except two, Ramesh scored more than all others in the class.
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Use a phrasal verb or phrase to replace the underlined words.
a. As years passed, her eyesight became weaker.
Answer … As years went by, her eyesight became weaker.

 

b. The borrower was in difficulties. He wanted the bank not to insist on repayment, but extend the arrangement for another one year.
Answer …. The borrower was in difficulties. He wanted the bank to roll over the loan for another one year.

 

c. The manger wanted to buy a car for official use, but the owner of the company declined his request.
Answer .. The manger wanted to buy a car for official use, but the owner of the company turned down his request.

 

d. The storm was blowing hard. The family members did not heed the call of the Fire Brigade to evacuate. Instead, they decided to tightly close all the doors and windows of the house and stay inside till the storm subsided.
Answer … The storm was blowing hard. The family members did not heed the call of the Fire Brigade to evacuate. Instead, they decided to stay and wait out the storm.

 

e. The assailant wounded the shop owner while the latter was returning home with a lot of cash. After that, the police started a massive man-haunt to nab him. But the accused moved from place to place to evade arrest. But being invisible to police for a year by moving from one location to another, he was finally nabbed.
Answer … The assailant wounded the shop owner while the latter was returning home with a lot of cash. After that, the police started a massive man-haunt to nab him. But the accused remained on the run for a year till he was finally nabbed.
————————————–END——————————
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