Essay Writing for Class 10 /12 students
Junior level essay Class 10-12
Monsoon Dependency of Indian Agriculture
India has two monsoon seasons —from June-Sept (South West monsoon) in most parts of India and from Oct-Dec (North East monsoon) mainly in south India – especially Tamil Nadu.
Historically, Indian farmers have depended on monsoon rain for their farming. Consequently, uncertainties of precipitation caused by El-Nino effect and other such factors causes them great distress.
Presently, agriculture contributes to roughly 15 -18% of the country’s GDP, and provides direct or indirect employment to 58% of its population. The enormity of these figures makes a normal monsoon so very critical for India. The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) is tasked with making pre-monsoon forecasts about monsoon.
The south west monsoon contributes to some 75% of the country’s rainfall, and the kharif crops like paddy, soya, cotton are grown using the rainfall. So, in a way, normal southwest monsoon brings cheers to the farmers and vice versa.
Failure or irregular southwest monsoon plays havoc with the farmers’ income. Two consecutive years of scanty monsoon precipitation breaks their backbone driving them to suicides, and making demands for loan waivers louder. No government can ignore their clamour.
Irrigation facilities have expanded greatly in last few decades – from just 25 million hectors in 1950 to 90 million now. Yet, vast swathes of farm land still are rain-fed.
Alleviation of large-scale drought distress is a humongous task. However, seeking succor in horticulture and livestock sectors can be of some help when monsoon fails. Loan waivers, resorted to by different political parties, are a poor panacea as it drains the banks, and promote a culture of default.