Chandragupta Maurya, Chandragupta 1 and Chandragupta 2
The three emperors are totally different from one another. Other than their names, they share nothing else. Their periods of reign, empires, capitals, and dynastic lineages were all very different.
Chandragupta Maurya . (The recent TV serial was made based on him.) Chandragupta Maurya was the founder of the Maurya Empire. His reign lasted for nearly 24 years (321 – 297 BCE) untilhe voluntarily abdicated the throne in favour of his son Bindusara. He was a great warrior and a master in statecraft. Through his many successful military campaigns, he consolidated the fragmented political landscape of India. Except Tamil Nadu and Odisha (Kalinga, in those days), Chandragupta ruled over the entire Indian subcontinent. His conquests resulted in the extension of his empire to Afghanistan and beyond, till the eastern part of Persia (now Iran). He even defeated Alexander’s successors, Seleucus I Nicator, in battle. By marrying Seleucus’s daughter, he cemented the political and strategic bond with the Hellenistic kingdoms. The Greek diplomat Megasthenes, who visited the Maurya capital Pataliputra (now in Bihar), detailed the many high points of Mauruya’s reign. Having stamped his authority over a vast swathe of land in India and its north west, Chandragupta, with the aid of his formidable advisor Chanakya implemented a series of major economic and political reforms. Economy and culture of India flourished in his empire, thanks to his vision and zeal.
Chandragupta’s reign also saw major cultural and religious transformation in India. Buddhism and Jainism became increasingly popular among the masses. Inspired by the spirit of renunciation of Jainism, Chandragupta abdicated his throne. He oversaw the transfer of power to his son Bindusara. As a man detached from family, Chandragupta embraced Jainism, and went on a pilgrimage to South India in the company of the Jain monk Bhadrabahu.
Chandragupta I was a king of the Gupta Empire. He ruled around 320 AD—nearly 600 years after Chandragupta Maurya’s reign. He extended his influence over the vast Gangetic plain by cleverly befriending the kings and chieftains who ruled over small kingdoms there.
Chandragupta I was the son of Ghatotkacha, from whom he inherited the throne. His ancestors were known as Maharaja (king). Chandragupta 1 declared himself the Maharajadhiraja (king of kings). However, it remains unknown how he expanded a “small principality to the status of an important kingdom” by annexing neighbouring kingdoms. He also married Kumaradevi, a Licchhavi princess.The marriage boosted his power and authority. The exact boundaries of his empire have not been conclusively determined. He had two main sons — Kacha and Samudragupta.
Chandragupta 2 … He is also known by the name of Chandragupta Vikramaditya. Described as one of the most powerful emperors of the Gupta empire in India, he ruled from 380 AD till 415 AD. The Gupta empire reached the zenith of power, wealth, and prosperity during his reign. He extended royal patronage to art, architecture, and sculpture. Historians eulogize his reign as the “Golden Age” of India. Chandragupta II was the son of Emperor Samudragupta. Following in the footsteps of his father and grandfather, he enhanced his empire’s reach and clout through military campaigns and entering into marriage bonds with other kingdoms.
He ruled over Gujarat from 388 to 409 AD.