ICSE English –HUNGER explanation

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131 Responses

  1. navneet says:

    very very heplfulllllll

  2. sugam says:

    i need characterization of kasim and rizwan. Where to find it

  3. shreya sarkar says:

    where is the rest. I want the whole story

  4. Boshudhara Banerjee says:

    Very helpful. The full story has been very nicely put into a summary. Even without using so called “flowery” language, in simple words, the meaning is crystal clear. Great job.

  5. astronaut714 says:

    The story is not set in Afghanistan.Its explains the Iranian society post revolutions of 1979 after the end of the Shah Mohammad Reza.

    • Satya Prakash says:

      I beg to disagree because of the following reasons.

      a. During the last years of Shah and in later years under the Ayatollah, Iran did not see such back-breaking poverty as has been portrayed in the story. Lack of political freedom, fanatical adherence to Islamic values as preached by the Patriarch, and general unease among the liberals plagued the society more than impoverishment, want and hopelessness.People were otherwise well-off, if not affluent.

      b. In contrast, Afghanistan, after prolonged foreign invasion and subjugation, descended to acute poverty, chaos, lack of effective governance, and lawlessness as portrayed by the writer. Life in Afghanistan was unbearable. Only the presence of the high-spending foreign troops (absent in Iran) brought about some cosmetic changes to the market places.

      Therefore, the story is based in Afghanistan, not in Iran.

      • Rishav says:

        even I had the same doubt

      • TheGirlWhoWrites says:

        But it the Kihaan newspaper is mentioned, meaning the Kayhan newspaper which is definitely a newspaper of Iran and not Afghanistan!

        • Satya Prakash says:

          I had decided to stay silent, but feel compelled to reiterate my point that the story is set in Afghanistan.

          Reasons …

          1. ”Kahyan is not ‘Kihaan’. Even if it so, being a very well-established newspaper, it will have its rigid and structured recruitment process involving multiple rounds of screening. We all know how Hindu or Times of India recruits people. Kayhan will never hand over an employment letter to a job-seeker by just seeing one of his stories.

          2. Never has Iran accepted foreign troops in its soil. Especially, during and after Ayotolla’s period, not a single foreign soldier set foot on Iranian soil.

          3. To my understanding, Kihaan is a local newspaper with limited circulation with, obviously, no great corporate set-up.

          4. The economic disparity mentioned by one of the readers of the blog is between NATO and American troops stationed in Afghanistan, who were well-fed, well-paid, and had high buying power vis-a-vis the local population who were not Taliban fighters. Taliban fighters were better off than the other locals because they got a decent monthly salary — a dream for most Afghans. The buying power of the foreign troops added cosmetic gloss to the market places, and often gave rise to sever jealousy and derision among the local population.

          5. Never ever crime was rampant in Iran as the story depicts. Pervasive criminality and fear of spies, informers, and strangers was the hallmark of Afghanistan, and continues to be so today.

          6. Neither during Shah’s reign, not later under the first Ayatollah, Iran had multi-party elections. Such perfunctory elections and electioneering happened in Afghanistan where the Americans introduced (with good intentions) democracy and a multiparty polity.

          7. The state of abject poverty, illiteracy and deprivation are endemic to Afghanistan only, in the whole of Asia. Iran never suffered such curse for generations.

          8. Lastly, Afghanistan has big unexploited reserves of gas and crude oil. Iran’s gas fields extend deep into Afghanistan.

  6. Arunika Dasgupta says:

    Very very helpful!!!

  7. priya grace kurien says:

    Good. Thank you for helping me to write down the essays.

  8. Deep chand says:

    this is helpfulll in my icse examination

  9. Rishav says:

    nice, but its too long and elaborated overall it has helped me a lot thank you

  10. anir says:

    i also think the story is set in iran. i have reasons:
    the references in the story to the country having a store-house of petrol
    new government and
    old reign of muhammad shah reza who was overthrown by islamic republic.
    kihaan news paper refer to the kahyan,an influential daily newspaper of iran.

    • Satya Prakash says:

      May be you are correct.

      I have no comments, but Iran never went through such acute poverty and distress as has been depicted in the story. Shah of Iran was western-oriented person who forced reforms too fast. To enforce his ideas, he adopted very brutal methods. That caused his downfall. Otherwise, Iran enjoyed relative prosperity. Afghanistan, on the other hand, continues to languish under acute poverty and unemployment– same as you read in the story. So, draw your own conclusions.

  11. anirudh says:

    i also think the story is set in iran. i have reasons:
    the references in the story to the country having a store-house of petrol
    new government and
    old reign of muhammad shah reza who was overthrown by islamic republic.
    kihaan news paper refer to the kahyan,an influential daily newspaper of iran.

  12. Satya Prakash says:

    Thanks.

  13. Prakrati says:

    Can you give me the answer to this question
    How was Rizwan’s conduct with men at the office different from that with Kasim? What does this tell us about him?
    I need the ans in 10 lines…

  14. kishan singh says:

    thanxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, very helpful it helped me a lot in my project

  15. Abhibrata says:

    really very helpful

  16. Aiswarya suresh says:

    yes…
    it is really helpful

  17. Aksha Shaikh says:

    Awesome!!!!! I loved it

  18. VARUN says:

    NICE DESCRIPTION WITH A FLAIR LANGUAGE

    This article has a good description of the story and the language used is also beautiful. WELL DONE !!!!!!!!

  19. Jaya says:

    I have one doubt here. It is mentioned that the story is set in Afghanistan. However, in the books referred by few publishers which many ICSE schools refers to, the story is based in Iran.

    • Satya Prakash says:

      Iran is not the country,Afghanistan is. I have given enough justification earlier to this effect. Please go through them to convince yourself.

  20. Pranav says:

    very beautiful! but i thought the story was set in Islam….
    Very interesting summary!

  21. Pranav says:

    I have a few questions:
    How can u draw the conclusion that kasim is not happy?
    What did Rizwan say about the new government?
    Kasim did not get tempted by rizwan Y?
    Plz answer 🙂

    • Satya Prakash says:

      Tomorrow.

    • Satya Prakash says:

      Kasim is dejected, broken, frustrated and resigned to his fate. Being at the end of his tether, he just wants to survive and put something in the mouths of his family members so that they can stave off hunger. He has no faith in the political system. In fact,he loathes the politicians. Generations of fight against illiteracy and want has robbed him of any hope or energy. Obviously, he is not happy.
      ………………………..Rest tomorrow………………………..

  22. kartikeya upadhyay says:

    Very helpful it helped n making the project

  23. Ishika Kundu says:

    Please may I get the summary of My lost dollar by STEPHEN LACOCK

  24. Anushka says:

    Why Rizwan wrote his name and address on form

  25. Vr says:

    How do you know kasi suspicious of Rizwan

    • Satya Prakash says:

      Rizwan initiated a dialogue with Kasim, but the latter remained virtually tight-lipped. Even Rizwan’s offer of government assistance was rebuffed by Kasim. The trust gap between the two was huge. Having got a raw deal from the society all his life, Kasim refused to buy anything positive from anyone, particularly a stranger. This underscores his suspicious attitude towards Rizwan.

  26. Prerna Athreya says:

    Rizwan was suppose to submit five interviews to get the job.

  27. Ishika Kundu says:

    May I get information about the author – Nasira sharma

  28. Raghav Mishra says:

    isn’t this story set in iran

  29. karthik reddy says:

    Can you give a conclusion to the story hunger?

  30. ravi says:

    conclusion plz and it was helpful

  31. Mayank says:

    plz can i get the answer of the question:
    Q) How is the scenario of this story related to the scenario of the current India?

    • Satya Prakash says:

      The story depicts extreme poverty and desperation. Happily most parts of India are doing rather well economically. However, poverty, unemployment, and apathy to government schemes are endemic to certain pockets of India. Maoist insurgency thrives in these places.

      • Mayank says:

        I need to write an essay on this topic so can u plz tell me more this.

      • Shreya Anish says:

        The does not have references to any sort is terror activities, I believe.

        • Satya Prakash says:

          I withdraw my arguments in this regard. I stand by the other points I made. Additionally, Rizwan and Kasim are Sunni names. Iran is a Shia majority country. The abject poverty and the total lack of hope saddened thinkers in India and Pakistan. Iran never experienced such desperation and pervasive mistrust among its people. The strife-ravaged Afghanistan saw swarms of spies, informers, and people of shady characters roaming around.
          It is most likely not a true story, but a fiction. Afghanistan fits better to the story than Iran does. The decision is yours.

  32. Anonymous says:

    Longer than the story😒

  33. Shreya Anish says:

    Wasn’t the story taking place during the Iranian revolution?

    • Satya Prakash says:

      a. Iranian revolution was a social upheaval against the Shah. It didn’t cause such back-breaking poverty, social distress or deprivation.
      b. Barring a handful of American military advisers, Iran had never allowed a single foreign soldier to set foot in its soil.
      c. Iran has always been a country with relatively high literacy rate. Illiteracy, as depicted in the story, was never seen in Iran.
      d. The description of pervasive fear, poverty, suspicion, unemployment, and mistrust of strangers are the characteristics of Afghanistan under American and later Taliban rule. Even today, Afghanistan has all these miseries in no small measure.
      e. Afghanistan, too had a Shah, as king.
      Please ask your teacher to correct herself.

  34. Shreya Anish says:

    It is about the Iranian revolution . its not taking place in Afghanistan.

  35. swati sikder says:

    Got 95 in literature. Too much helpful

  36. Jasmine says:

    Wow! Beautifully presented. Gone through your several poems and proses. Really, well written!
    Can I ask for a little help, please? I’d really like If there was similar analysis for last leaf as well. I have my exam on the 15th. Would be glad if it’s possible. 🙂 No issues, if you aren’t able to make it up. Thanks for them, though. :))
    Appreciate your work. ☺

  37. Jasmine says:

    Thank you so much! ☺
    Really appreciate your work. :))

  38. somya says:

    What does this line mean

  39. Jake says:

    Many facts are incorrect. Rather refer different sites

  40. Riddhi says:

    The story is set in Iraq ..not Afghanistan…

  41. mistu chowdhury says:

    can u provide me with the critical appreciation of the story???

  42. Adya says:

    really helpful sir! I just need a little help from you.What was the writer’s view on poverty and unemployment?Its urgent so I would be really grateful if u help

    • Satya Prakash says:

      Poverty and unemployment are the two sides of the same coin. With no job, a person loses money, health, peace of mind, dignity and hope. Most importantly, he loses the will to fight back his misfortune through constructive ideas. This is what had happened to Kasim. He was dejected, frustrated, and resigned to his fate. Poverty debilitates a person, and destroys him bit by bit.

  43. Priyam says:

    Can you please write on this in not more than 750 words- Justify the title ‘ Hunger’ in relation to the aspiring journalist narrating the story.

    • Satya Prakash says:

      How many words minimum?

      • Priyam says:

        Around 500 to 600 words

        • Satya Prakash says:

          Please wait for three days.

        • Satya Prakash says:

          The story’s two main protagonists are Rizwan & Kasim, both reeling under poverty and unemployment. Rizwan is educated and is an aspiring journalist. He has something to look forward to in life, being young and qualified for a job. Kasim is much older, has a family to support, and, sadly, nothing to enable him to make a living. Years and years of grinding poverty has robbed him of all hope and will to fight the heavy odds he faces. He is broken and frustrated. Cynicism has gripped him firmly. Both have to stave off hunger, although for Kasim the position is much worse. He has mouths to feed.
          The story portrays the agony of two men whom their war-ravaged country has nothing to offer. Kasim’s forefathers were not educated, nor is he. This lack of education makes him unfit to learn any worthwhile skill. This, in turn, makes him unsuitable to get any job. On the other hand, Rizwan, leveraging his education, looks for a job, but the devastated economy has little to offer him. He struggles to get an entry-level job as a journalist.
          As we can see, both Rizwan and Kasim are victims of circumstances, which they have had no hand to shape. Kasim makes both ends meet selling old clothes. He is condemned to this existence for all his life. He does not trust the politicians, the strangers and, for that matter, anyone. With spies swarming the place and non-existent law and order set-up, he chooses to steer clear of any trouble.
          For Rizwan, everything is not so gloomy, but he has to accomplish an uphill task. The newspaper manager has to be given accounts of at least two interviews of distressed people. The situation is so riddled with suspicion, and hopelessness that he finds it hard to get interviewees for his purpose. The specter of suffering has made the place barren and unlivable. A ghoulish atmosphere looks so pervasive everywhere.
          What strikes the reader so hard is the way poverty and unemployment hits everyone hard, except those who are cunning and crooked. For innocent and well-meaning people, the odds are too heavy to fight. The story ‘Hunger’ is, thus, a chronicle of human suffering caused by long strife and collapsing economy. Citizens of developing nations, their politicians and the bureaucrats have all to bear in mind that lack of basic governance can be the harbinger of untold human suffering.

  44. Priyam says:

    Thanks a ton
    Very much helpful

  45. Prince says:

    Can you please write on this in not more than 750 words- Justify the title ‘ Hunger’ in relation to the aspiring journalist narrating the story.

    • Satya Prakash says:

      The story’s two main protagonists are Rizwan & Kasim, both reeling under poverty and unemployment. Rizwan is educated and is an aspiring journalist. He has something to look forward to in life, being young and qualified for a job. Kasim is much older, has a family to support, and, sadly, nothing to enable him to make a living. Years and years of grinding poverty has robbed him of all hope and will to fight the heavy odds he faces. He is broken and frustrated. Cynicism has gripped him firmly. Both have to stave off hunger, although for Kasim the position is much worse. He has mouths to feed.
      The story portrays the agony of two men whom their war-ravaged country has nothing to offer. Kasim’s forefathers were not educated, nor is he. This lack of education makes him unfit to learn any worthwhile skill. This, in turn, makes him unsuitable to get any job. On the other hand, Rizwan, leveraging his education, looks for a job, but the devastated economy has little to offer him. He struggles to get an entry-level job as a journalist.
      As we can see, both Rizwan and Kasim are victims of circumstances, which they have had no hand to shape. Kasim makes both ends meet selling old clothes. He is condemned to this existence for all his life. He does not trust the politicians, the strangers and, for that matter, anyone. With spies swarming the place and non-existent law and order set-up, he chooses to steer clear of any trouble.
      For Rizwan, everything is not so gloomy, but he has to accomplish an uphill task. The newspaper manager has to be given accounts of at least two interviews of distressed people. The situation is so riddled with suspicion, and hopelessness that he finds it hard to get interviewees for his purpose. The specter of suffering has made the place barren and unlivable. A ghoulish atmosphere looks so pervasive everywhere.
      What strikes the reader so hard is the way poverty and unemployment hits everyone hard, except those who are cunning and crooked. For innocent and well-meaning people, the odds are too heavy to fight. The story ‘Hunger’ is, thus, a chronicle of human suffering caused by long strife and collapsing economy. Citizens of developing nations, their politicians and the bureaucrats have all to bear in mind that lack of basic governance can be the harbinger of untold human suffering.

  46. Nalin says:

    it would be better if you added the STORY with the summary;
    it will be more helpful.

  47. disha zala says:

    i want the conclusion of the story for project
    please answer me as soon as possible

    • Satya Prakash says:

      Conclusion .. Lack of a means of living impoverishes an individual. Over a period of time, hunger sets in, inflicting unbearable suffering on them. He becomes a demon, ready to commit any crime to scrounge their food. It is a horrifying situation to be in. Most individuals take up menial jobs to earn something to buy food and minimal shelter. Over a period of time, continuing poverty robs him of all optimism, hope and dignity.Countries in distress must avoid slipping into such tragedy. Societies and communities need to pool their resources to avoid want ravaging some of their members. As the saying goes, ‘Self help is the best help.’ and ‘Service to man is service to God.’

      • Anne Thomas says:

        I do believe that the country depicted in the story is Afghanistan.
        Kasim mentions that his monthly earnings are rupees five hundred. Iran has never made use of the Iranian rial. On the other hand, Afghanistan has used the Kabuli rupee until 1891 and the Afghan rupee until 1925. However, the Afghan rupee was continued in circulation until 1978.

        • Satya Prakash says:

          Thank you Anne for your comment. I feel this is the clinching evidence that the story relates to Afghanistan, bot Iran. I was away from my blog for a few days, so couldn’t respond to you earlier. Sorry about that.

  48. Aditya sanwal says:

    There is one key piece of evidence which proves that the story is from Iran. Thee kihaan newspaper, mentioned in the story, is a real life Iranian newspaper. While the author might have taken elements from other third-world countries( ruppee for India/Pakistan and the rest you explained) to show that this is the situation in all countries suffering from poverty, the particular incident is based in Iran after the Iranian revolution of 1971.

    • Satya Prakash says:

      But, even at the peak of the Revolution or in the times that followed or preceded it, Iran never suffered such abject poverty. Iran had plenty of wheat to eat, and unemployment of such acute scale never ravaged Iran.

  49. Aditya Sanwal says:

    Then again, this might not be a very accurate depiction of the events. The author’s primary objective was to show the condition of people suffering from destitution. Or it might be the depiction of any one or two extreme cases. The story is said to be set in Iran as the only country specific proper noun points directly to it.

  50. Arjit Gautam says:

    Amazing story and amazing writing skills@satya prakash….u r a good writer.
    KEEP it UP!!

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