Answers to Grammar exercises
Answers to Grammar exercise for the young and ambitious (No.1)
Grammar exercises …
Make sentences with …
Stand by (both meanings)
Meaning 1 .. Traditionally, Russia has stood by India, but the same can not be said about the U.S.
Meaning 2 .. During the Olympic games, hundreds of fire tenders stand by to douse any fire that can break out.
Put off (both meanings)
Meaning 1 ..The prime minister’s foreign trip had to be put off by a fortnight due to the spurt of Maoist killings in different parts of the country. [Postponed]
Meaning 2 .. The guests in the five-star hotel were put off by the smell of the freshly-painted walls. [Irritated]
The estranged wife seldom meets her husband.
a. Since the accused was not cooperating with the police, the latter prayed the judge to grant custodial interrogation for two days.
b. Custodial death of a convict iis very seriously viewed by the courts.
Upbringing .. His suave nature points to his aristocratic upbringing.
Go by ..
Meaning 1 .. As years went by, the hot-headed prison guard became mellowed and mild.
Meaning 2 .. Going by the account of the intelligence officer, the Commandant ordered intense combing of the forest to nab the brigand.
Go-by .. Routinely, political parties give decency and decorum the go-by during parliament debates.
Rip off .. a. For short term gains, the Taliban rip off the ornamental stone deposits of Afghanistan through destructive mining practices.
b. We felt ripped off after we paid our bill in the luxury hill-top restaurant.
Rip-off .. Some NGOs have accused China of rip-off because of the its highly exploitative mining policies in Africa.
See through …
Meaning 1 .. IMF loans see distressed countries through periods of financial crises. [Tide over a difficulty]
Meaning 2 .. Pakistanis have seen through the insidious propaganda of the Taliban and no longer welcome them with open arms. [Recognize some harmful thing early enough]
See-through .. Film actresses often wear see-through dresses to enhance their sex appeal.
Run down …. a.The girl broke into tears when her teacher ran her down before others for her poor handwriting.
b. My son was upset because his sister had run his electric toy down when he was at school.
c. The government of India has let many archeological monuments to run down for want of funds.
d. The husband used to cook dinner every night as he knew how the office work ran his pregnant wife down.
e. In a case of apparent drunken driving, Salman Khan’s car ran down a few pedestrians. Now, Salman stares at long years behind bars.
Run-down .. a. Detriot now looks like a run-down ghost town.
c. Hippies and illegal immigrants used to live in the run-down buildings in the outskirts of the city.
Run off … The orphans, unable to live in the sub-human conditions of the juvenile shelter, ran off, but were quickly apprehended and brought back.
Offbeat.. Mrinal Sen excelled in making offbeat, low-budget films.
Upbeat … The mood in the BJP camp is upbeat after its unusually good showing in the municipal elections.
Downcast … a. The test match started under cloudy down-cast skies.
b. The atmosphere in the bride’s house became downcast after they heard about fresh dowry demands from the groom.
Cast off …. a. A snake casts off its skin at periodic intervals.
b. Swami Vivekananda had called upon the Indians to cast off their inferiority complex.
Castaway .. The discovery of a castaway in the store of the ship left the captain in a quandary.
Change the degree of the following sentences ..
1. This chilli is one of the hottest in the chilli basket. [First and second]
Answer .. [First degree] …. Only a few chillies in the basket are as hot as this one.
[Second degree] .. This chilli is hotter than most others in the basket.
2. This cycle is among the oldest in this cycle stand. [First and second]
Answer .. [First degree] .. Only a few cycles in the stand are as old as this one.
[Second degree] … This cycle is older than most others in the cycle shed.
3. Rupa’s performance in the sports competition this year was the best so far ever since she started participating five years ago. [First and second degree]
Answer .. [First degree] .. Rupa’s performance in sports in the last five years were not as good as her performance this year.
[Second degree] .. Rupa performed better in sports this year than the earlier five years.
4. Asit has scored higher marks than most others in the class. [Third and first]
Answer .. [Third degree] ..Asit’s score is one among the highest in the class.
[First degree] …Very few in the class have scored as high as Asit.
5. Ramesh scored the third highest marks in the class. [First and second]
Answer … [First degree] .. Except two students, none scored as high as Ramesh in the class.
[Second] .. Except two, Ramesh scored more than all others in the class.
Use a phrasal verb or phrase to replace the underlined words.
a. As years passed, her eyesight became weaker.
Answer … As years went by, her eyesight became weaker.
b. The borrower was in difficulties. He wanted the bank not to insist on repayment, but extend the arrangement for another one year.
Answer …. The borrower was in difficulties. He wanted the bank to roll over the loan for another one year.
c. The manger wanted to buy a car for official use, but the owner of the company declined his request.
Answer .. The manger wanted to buy a car for official use, but the owner of the company turned down his request.
d. The storm was blowing hard. The family members did not heed the call of the Fire Brigade to evacuate. Instead, they decided to tightly close all the doors and windows of the house and stay inside till the storm subsided.
Answer … The storm was blowing hard. The family members did not heed the call of the Fire Brigade to evacuate. Instead, they decided to stay and wait out the storm.