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94 Responses

  1. ruwiniruwini erandika says:

    This makes me easy to understand what is a Precis

  2. Qurat ul Ain Majeed says:

    thank you! this is very helpful..

  3. shivani says:

    such a good example of precis!!thanks for sharing .

  4. Sakshi jaiswal says:

    Thank u lT makes easy to know me about precis

  5. syeda ruheen says:

    This helped me a lot to learn precise

  6. Thanks for give us easy perci weriting

  7. ayush says:

    Can we use this in guj board exam?

  8. varad says:

    It gives more information in more easy way…

  9. Divyadev panda says:

    it’s nice.
    Thank you

  10. MD NANS says:


  11. Mansoor says:

    can i get also the summary and paraphase of this passege

  12. Fatema says:

    In my school we gotta write precis of 60 words…

  13. Srushti says:


  14. Ankit says:

    Precise of the above passage

    Never underestimate yourself
    Once a drop fell into the ocean and start cursing about its insignificant existence in the vast ocean. In between the introspection, it was swallowed by oyster. Inside the shell in due course of time and pressure , it got converted to pearl. Which was then discovered by diver and now after changing many hands, it ameliorates the persian crown.

    Kindly check and let me know your comments

  15. aslam says:

    make a precis of the passage ‘a good soldier for instance mainly wishes to do his fighting well .he is glad of his pay -very properly so and justly grumbles when you keep him ten years without it -till,his main mission of life isto win battles not to be paid for winning them. So of clergymen. the clergymen’s object is essentially baptize and preach not to be paid for preaching .so of doctors . they like fees no doubt-ought to like them;yet if they are brave and well educated the entire object to their lives is not fees . they on the whole desire to cure the sick ; and if theybare good doctors and the choice is fairlt to them , would rather cure their patient and lose their fee than kill him and get it. and so with all the other brave and rightly braved men ;their work is first ,their fee is second -very importnt always ;but still second

  16. Saurabh Thakur says:

    Thanks for help me about precise writing

  17. Maaz says:

    Tomorrow is my paper and my eng is very weak . . . Hope for best 🙁

  18. renatta says:

    very interesting good job keep it on
    thanks for ur knowledge

  19. Fareed says:

    Happiness, in this world, when it comes incidentally. Make it the object of pursuit and it leads us a wild goose chase and is never attained. In other words, happiness is the inevitable by-product of unselfish living. When self is forgotten in service for others happiness is discovered in the most unlikely places. It awaits us at every turn of the road when we make the road easier for others. It must never be forgotten that happiness is a state of mind. It is not something outside of ourselves. It is not a robe to be donned or discarded in response to our whims. It is not a gem to be purchased, whatever the price we are willing to pay. It is not in your heart, it is nowhere, no matter how earnestly it is sought. There can be no enduring; happiness unless love is the ruling motive of life. The man whose daily life is an expression of his fellowmen is the man who has found the secrete of true happiness. It is that inner peace of mind that always comes to those whose object in life is to bring happiness to others.

  20. Nawaz Rehan says:

    Once, a rain drop fall toward the ocean and thought about its worthlessness. Mean while an oyster swallowed it and turned it into a pearl. After many adventure, a diver found it and finally, became an ornament of Persian crown.

  21. Zain Ul Abiden says:

    nice work thanks. it makes precis writing like a cooked dish.

  22. Kanishka says:

    what’s that title

  23. ayesha says:

    can u please write the precis of this passage….

    {The essence of poetry is that it deals with events which concern a large number of people and can be grasped not as immediate personal experience but as matter known largely from heresy and presented in simplified and often abstract forms. it is thus the antithesis of all poetry which deals with the special, individual activity of the self and tries to present this as specially and as individually as it can. The poet who deals with public themes may himself be affected, even deeply, by contemporary events at some point in his own being, but to see them in their breadth and depth he must rely largely on what he hears from other men and from mass instruments of communication. From the start his impulse to write about them is different from any impulse to write about his own affairs. It may be just as strong and just as compelling, but it is not of the same kind. He has to give his own version of something which millions of others may share with him, and however individual he may wish to be, he cannot avoid relying to a large extent on much that he knows only from second hand.
    Fundamentally this may not matter, for after all what else did Shakespeare do: but the political poet does not construct an imaginary past, he attempts to grasp and interpret a vast present. Between him and his subject there is a gap which he can never completely cross, and all his attempts to make events part of himself must be to some extent hampered by recalcitrant elements in them, which he does not understand or cannot assimilate or find irrelevant to his creative task. in such poetry selection which is indispensable to all art, has to be made from an unusually large field of possibilities and guided by an exacting sense of what really matters and what does not. On one side he may try to include too much and lose himself in issues where be is not imaginatively at home, on the other side he may see some huge event merely from a private angle which teed not mean much to others. Political poetry oscillates between these extremes, and its history in our time has been largely attempts to make the best of one or the other of them or to see what compromises can be made between them.

    • Satya Prakash says:

      Give me 2/3 days.

    • Satya Prakash says:

      Answer ..

      Writing poetry
      Poetry, being pivoted to universal concerns, has far-reaching appeal. In its simple and abstract form, it is removed from personal activity. A poet must look at public themes not through their own eyes, but through other’s lenses, especially the mass media. Motivation to write about public matters is different from writing about the poet’s own private affairs. Since millions read the poems, public perception of issues is important. Unless the poet writes Shakespearean fiction, they have to be anchored to the facts on the ground. Taking all readers on board may prove an elusive idea though. Not everyone among the audience can agree with him. The poet must be discerning in choosing his theme. If not, they may digress to irrelevance, or take a myopic personal view of issues. Either way, they lose the readers’ attention. Reaching a middle position involving contentious political matters is difficult. [148 words out of 400]

  24. Asad says:

    make precis of following
    For centuries, people have been playing kicking games with a ball. The game of soccer developed from some of these early games. The English probably gave soccer its name and its first set of rules. In European countries, soccer is called football or association football. Some people believe that the name “soccer” came from “assoc.,” an abbreviation for the word association. Others believe that the name came from the high socks that the players wear.

    Organized soccer games began in 1863. In soccer, two teams of eleven players try to kick or head the ball into their opponents’ goal. The goalie, who tries to keep the ball out of the goal, is the only player on the field who is allowed to touch the ball with his or her hands. The other players must use their feet, heads, and bodies to control the ball.

    Every four years, soccer teams around the world compete for the World Cup. The World Cup competition started in 1930.

    Brazil is the home of many great soccer players, including the most famous player of all, Pelé. With his fast footwork, dazzling speed, and great scoring ability, Pelé played for many years in Brazil and then later in New York. During his 22 years in soccer, he scored 1,281 goals and held every major record for the sport.

    People in more than 140 countries around the world play soccer. It is the national sport of most European and Latin American countries. Soccer is definitely the world’s most popular sport!

    • Satya Prakash says:

      Sorry Asad for the delay. I had taken a hiatus from my blog writing.

      The following is the precis in 93 words, roughly one third of the word count f the original passage.

      The British devised football’s rules. The name ‘Soccer’ is possibly related to players’ high socks or from ‘Association’.
      Born in 1863, football is played with two rival 11-player teams who try to push the ball through the opposite goal post outflanking the goalkeeper. Except him, no one can touch the ball by hand.
      The World Cup is staged once in four years.
      The Brazilian football wizard Pele bewitched football lovers with his superb skill.
      As the national game in Europe and Latin America, football, played in 140 countries, is world’s most popular game.

  25. Neeraj Dahiya says:

    Well to know what’s a precise ur example is helpful.. but for a student to attempt like this .. it’s not an easy task.. will u please guide how to do dis.. means the way to see the passage, the way we can frame our mind to shorten it, use of few words which can help in doing dis act like it is so happened that is replaced by just then it’s easy to understand but I need ur help to do dis in exam as on 25 Feb 2018 am going to appear in an exam. If u can guide me how to score well and the way to read the passage,to manipulate it in simple words it’s really a big task and right now I need your help . If u can give any advice it gonna help me a lot

    Thanks in advance

    • Satya Prakash says:

      Precis writing is a skill that you would need as a anager, lawyer, teacher or a journalist. To write a good recs,
      Yo need to
      1. Reduce the word count to approximately one third of the original passage.
      2. Read the passage and correctly decide which facts are crucial, and which ones are secondary.
      3. Your precs st have the primary / crucial facts contained in the riginal passage.
      These are the three basic rules.

  26. Urvashi says:

    Can you please give the precise of this passage..
    A life of action and danger moderates the dread of death.It not only gives us fortitude to bear pain,but also teaches uh at every step the precarious tenure on which we hold our present bieng. Sedentary and studious men are the most apprehensive on this score. Dr. Johnsonwas an instance point. A few years seemed to him soon over, compare with those sweeping contemplations on time and infinity with which he had been used to pose himself. In the still life of a man of letters there was no obvious reason for a change. He might sit in an armchair and pour out cups of tea to all eternity would it had been possible for him to do so. The most rational cure after all for the inordinate fear of death is to set a just value on life. If we mere wish to continue on this scene to indulge our head-strong humour and tormenting passions, we had better be gone at once; and if we only cherrish a fondness for existence according to the good we desire from it, the pang we feel at parting which it will not be very server

    • Satya Prakash says:

      Precis ……
      Life punctuated with intense activity, and danger inures us to the dread of death. A desk-bound existence aggravates this fear. Dr. Johnson shunned active life, and could spend days by simply being lost in some abstract thought. A person should determine what reasonably to expect from life. Pursuing these limited pleasures with a good-humouredly attitude is gainful, as it prepares us to meet death stoically. [65 words squeezed from 191 words]

  27. Anushka says:

    Could you provide the precis to this passage… In view of recent financial strain because of increasing responsibilities and financial needs, all development banks have been making frantic but unplanned efforts to mobilize resources. But resource mobilization should be undertaken only after resource planning. Planning involves decision making both on quantum of funds and the pattern of fund requirements. The former and is related to capitalization, the latter to capital structure such planning will ensure not only cheap and safe capitalization but also optimal utilisation of the capital mobilized. estimation of capital requirements should also be done carefully so that both inadequacy and superfluity of capital may be avoided.

    • Satya Prakash says:

      Precis …….
      Development banks are aggressively mobilizing funds to meet enhanced requirements. However, sound planning is the key. Funds need to be garnered at less cost, and prudently lent to maximize returns. Both excess and low funds are bad.

  28. Sree Harsha says:


  29. rocket sanchi says:

    the passage was beautiful… it lifted my spirits.. thankyou !!!!!!!!!!! 🙂

  30. Songsar Terang says:

    Environment studies deal with working on earth, it’s light support system, it interaction, influence, it problem and solution. Keeping in view the complex nature of environment knowledge and information from various discipline of science , social science ,law and engineering have to be included in environment study to understand it completely.
    Skill environment scientist have an important role to play in examine various environmental problem in a scientific manner and carry out Research and Development activities for developing cleaner technology and promoting sustainable development. Their is a need of trained main power at every level to deal with environment issue. Environmental management and environmental engineering are emerging at new carrier opportunity for environmental protection and management market for pollution control technology is increasing the world over . cleaning up of the waste produced is another potential market. It is estimated to be more than $ billion per year for all American business . In India also the pollution control board are seriously implementing pollution control law and insisting out upgradation of influence to meet the prescribe before they are discharge on land or into a water body. Many companies not complained with the other have be closed or order to shift.

  31. songsar says:

    i want you to precis it

    • Satya Prakash says:

      Your passage corrected…
      Environment studies deal with working on earth, it’s life support system, its interaction, influence, its problems and solutions. Keeping in view the complex nature of environment knowledge and information from various disciplines of science , social science, law and engineering have to be included in environment study to understand it completely.
      Skill environment scientists have an important role to play in examining various environmental problems in a scientific manner and carry out Research and Development activities for developing cleaner technology and promoting sustainable development. Their is a need of trained main power at every level to deal with environment issue. Environmental management and environmental engineering are emerging at new career opportunity for environmental protection and management. Market for pollution control technology is increasing the world over. Cleaning up of the waste produced is another potential market. It is estimated to be more than $ billion per year for all American business . In India also the pollution control board are seriously implementing pollution control laws and insisting on upgradation of technology to treat their effluent to meet the prescribed limits before they are discharged on land or into a water body. Many companies not complying with the laws have be closed or ordered to shift.

      PRECIS …….

      Study of law and engineering is pivotal to environmental protection studies because the latter encompasses many branches of knowledge.
      R&D to develop cleaner energy and methods of sustainable development needs rigorous environmental studies. Trained manpower in environment technology is in demand the world over. Waste recycling has become a multi-billion dollar business in America. India’s pollution control boards are also ensuring strict compliance by polluting industries forcing them to treat their effluent adequately before discharging them. Failing this, they are ordered to close down.

  32. Prashant Singh says:

    Hello Sir, can you check and let me know if the precis that I have written for the following passage is correct.

    Passage: –
    If education can lift the veil of ignorance and illiteracy from the lives of the people there is no reason why media (both print and electronics) cannot prove a meaningful messenger of the suppressed voices of India’s masses who still find themselves at the receiving end after so many years of independence. When the poor, helpless and hapless victims of deprivation and exploitation fail to get justice, despite the fact that they have run from pillar to post and with no positive result or reward, it is the media that carries the voice of the voiceless millions to the corridors of power and gives a jolt to the power-that-be to address and redress the grievances of the affected. Media enjoys the unique power and position of creating a forum of empathy, dialogue and understanding between the key constituents of society, including the ruling elite. The media offers a dynamic platform for the India’s suppressed voices to be heard, which otherwise would have remained both faceless and powerless.

    Having lived with democracy for more than five decades now, it is time to shed our obsession with ‘political politics’ and talk of ‘developmental politics’ so that the voiceless masses are made to share the benefits of development that has been taking place over the years. Undoubtedly, media can play a robust role in this direction. it can reveal the gaping holes that continue to exist between promises and performances on the vast socio-economic and political fronts. The time has come for the media to shed its image of projecting ‘Page – 3’ culture that concerns only a few and does not contribute much to the well being of the majority. Instead, the media needs to closely follow trends in the developmental arena in the nation at the grassroots level and see that the really deserving are not left out either by default or design.

    The growing hiatus of inequality needs to be checked. As the battles for the future of India multiply as different stake-holders demand different ways of doing things, the way forward is becoming increasingly challenging and thorny. Unless material conditions change for the poor and the powerless, one cannot change the state of our nation. For this to happen, media has to carry the burden of exposing the chinks and chasms that exist between the ‘haves’ and the ‘have-nots’. (388 words)

    Precis: –
    Media has to become the voice of the dis-empowered masses. It is the media which springs the administration to action by raising issues of the poor who have surrendered against the lethargy of the administration. Media acts as a platform for the powerless and creates understanding among the key constituents of the society.

    Media needs to highlight the differences between performance and promises and stop projection of the ‘Page – 3’ culture. Media needs to check that the development reaches the grassroots level and ensure that the deserving are not left out.

    With different sections of people demanding different things, it is becoming necessary to check the growing inequalities. Media has to be the champion for inclusive growth, ensuring the material upliftment of the poor and nation’s collective growth.

    Sir, this is my 1st attempt at writing a precis. I would be very helpful if you could highlight areas for improvement and also post a sample precis for the passage. I also invite fellow readers to post their precis for the passage.

    Thanks in advance.

    • Satya Prakash says:

      Prashant, your precis is, undoubtedly, well-written, but it can be improved. See my precis. May be you will like it.

      My précis .. Media can effectively make the enfeebled voice of the downtrodden hugely louder, just as education dispels ignorance and illiteracy. On behalf of the poor, deprived of any succor from government, media becomes a powerful messenger to ensure timely remedy and justice. It can jolt the government to action leveraging its reach and influence.
      Five decades of democracy have made politics barren and futile. To reverse this, participative and inclusive development must be the main political agenda. Performance seldom matches promises. Shedding its frivolous P-3 culture, media must expose this lamentable lapse. Delivery of services must percolate sufficiently downwards.
      People’s aspirations are changing, and, sadly, the gap between the haves and have-nots is widening. A strong country ensures equitable sharing of development benefits. Media can expose neglect and indifference of government forcing corrective action.
      ————————————–133 words————-

      • Prashant Singh says:

        Yes sir, it is way better than mine. Sir, I am actually preparing for an upcoming exam and hence stuck to the style of writing of the passage.

        Firstly sir, to reach the level at which you are writing will take me a lot of practice. Also, it seems to me that you have taken some liberties while writing your precis, so I would like to know if the same is permitted while writing precis at competitive exams.

        I would like to state that I have only read the do’s and don’t before writing the above. At many websites people have mentioned that we should stick to the tone, style, and ideas of the original passage while writing.

        So if you could clear my doubt with the above regard that it won’t work against me at my competitive exam, I will certainly try to emulate your style (Although, I won’t be able to write as good as you).

        Thanks you!

        • Satya Prakash says:

          You are correct. One should try to stick to the core content of the main passage. I have also done that, although in my own way. One such example might be the way I have described modern day politics to be barren and futile, which the main passage describes as ‘poltical politics’. Another place where I appear to have digressed from the core passage is the way I want media to hold the politicians to account for their unfulfilled promises. I have used the word ‘accountable’.
          If you see a little analytically, there is no difference in sense. The core message is clear — media must act like the watchdog for the neglected masses.
          So, the examiner will reward you for using different words to convey the sense. English is a versatile language that gives enough creative freedom to the writer.

  33. Prashant Singh says:

    Sir, I will keep your suggestions in mind while practicing. It was of great help and I thank you for the time you took out for me.

    Sir, I have cleared tier 1 for Lok Sabha’s Assistant Legislative/Committee/Protocol/Executive Officer exam. I will be appearing for the final tier 2 exam for the same on the coming 8th April. Apart from that I am also preparing for the CAPF Assistant Commandant exam.

  34. sohail ahmed says:

    Can you please give the precise of this passage. and also giving the suitable title of this passage

    We live in an age of great hurry and great speed. Men have lost their inward resources. They merely reflect. Like a set of mirrors, opinions which they get a little leisure, they turn to material diversions from outside rather than to inward resources. This internal vacuum is responsible for mental and nervous troubles. The cure for this is not so much treatment by medicine and surgery but a recovery of faith in the ultimate goodness, truth and the decency of things. If we are able to recover that faith, if we are able to live in this world with our consciousness centered in the intimacy of the spirit, many of the problems to which we are subject today may be overcome. Our people were regarded as aspiring after metaphysical insight, but we seem to forget that it never occurred to them to equate eternal life with either the surrender of the mind or the sacrifice of the body. When an Upanishad writer was asked to define what is meant by spiritual life. He gave the answer that it consists of the satisfaction of the mind, the abundance of tranquility of the spirit. Body, mind and spirit must be integrated and they must lead to a harmonious developed life. If we get that, we have life eternal.

    • Satya Prakash says:

      Precis …

      Finding Happiness
      Today’s hustle and bustle has robbed people of their capacity to contemplate, or look inwards. Material comforts distract them, and lead to debility. Panacea for this lie not in medicine, but in discovering the pervasive goodness of creation. Abiding faith in the geniality of our spirit would get us enduring happiness. The Upanishad says harmony of the mind and a placid inner self will deliver lasting happiness to the troubled soul.

  35. atif says:

    Can you please give the precise of this passage. and also giving the suitable title of this passage

    One of the pleasantest things in the world is going on a journey but I like to go by myself. I can enjoy society in a room, but out of doors, nature is company enough for me. I am then never less alone than when alone. I cannot see the wit of walking and talking at the same time. When I am in the country, I wish to vegetate like the country. I am not for criticizing hedgerows and black cattle. I go out of town in order to forget the town and all that is in it. There are those who for this purpose go to watering places, and carry the metropolis with them. I like solitude when I do not give myself up to it, for the sake of solitude, nor do I ask for a friend in my retreat. The soul of a journey is liberty, perfect livery to think, feel, and do just as one pleases we go on a journey chiefly to be free of all inconveniences, to leave ourselves behind. It is because I want a little breathing space to music on different matters, that I absent myself from the town for a while without feeling at a loss. The moment I am left to myself, instead of a friend to exchange the same stale topics over again, let me have a trace with this sort of impertinence. Give me the clear blue sky over my head and the green turf beneath my feet, a winging road before me and a three hour’s march to dinner and then to thinking.

    • Satya Prakash says:

      Precis …..

      The balm of solitude
      I prefer the silent solitude of Nature to the humdrum of social living. The pristine loneliness reinvigorates me, because it frees me from the clutter of crowded life. Leaving the baggage of urban living behind, I can abandon myself under the sky, and unbridle my grimy and tired mind. That is the real pleasure. I don’t need friends as I find conversation repetitive and boring. I just want to walk alone to my heart’s content. Perfect solitude works for me perfectly.

  36. Muhammad Arsalan says:

    Can you please give the precise of this passage

    Judicial activism is an established practice in Pakistan and many other countries. The Constitution of Pakistan gives ample space to the High Courts and especially the Supreme Court to take notice on its own or take up petitions from public concerning public welfare, public interest, and fundamental rights as given in the Constitution.

    The present Chief Justice of the Supreme Court is not the first Chief Justice to invoke the power to take notice on his own of the issues pertaining to public interest and public welfare or fundamental rights. The Supreme Court and the High Courts also entertain petition by people regarding legal grievances and enforcement of fundamental rights. This practice can be traced back to earlier period.

    The governments do not favour the Supreme Court exercising these powers on a frequent basis. This is mainly because they do not like any adverse comments by the judges of the superior judiciary on governance, corruption and politicised use of state power and resources. The opposition parties often support these powers of the superior judiciary because any adverse comments by the judges reflect negatively on the government. The opposition feels that its perspective on governance gets political weight if the courts also point out to weaknesses and lapses in governance and economic management.

    When the Supreme Court reprimanded the PPP government (2008-2013) and removed Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gilani from his office for contempt of Court, the PML-N supported the decisions of the court. However, when the current Supreme Court reprimanded the current PML-N government and gave judgments on the Panama Papers related issues that adversely affected the PML-N leadership, the PML-N activists turned critical of the role of the Supreme Court.

    The latest Supreme Court judgment of April 13, 2018, declared that a person disqualified from holding public office under article 62-1(f) of the Constitution for not being “Sadiq” and “Amin” is barred for life from holding any elective office or assuming the leadership of a party. The lifetime ban under this judgment applied so far to Nawaz Sharif and Jehangir Tareen, who were disqualified earlier by the Supreme Court in two different cases from holding public and elective office for having lost the quality of “Sadiq” and “Amin”.

    The PML-N that rules at the federal level and in the province of Punjab is extremely unhappy by judicial activism on the part of the Supreme Court. The provincial governments of Sindh and Balochistan have also felt strong pressures from the Supreme Court for mending their ways for the welfare of people. The major focus of judicial activism is on Punjab because it has more population than the population of other three provinces taken together. Further, Punjab possesses more financial resources than other provinces. There is much scope for nepotism, corruption and politicised use of state resources in this province. That is why the Supreme Court has focused on the performance of the Punjab government. Further, the Punjab government established 56 companies for performing special tasks. However, these companies failed to deliver the assigned tasks but ended up spending huge sums of money in disregard to official procedures.

    The PML-N leadership views judicial activism as a conspiracy against their government. Nawaz Sharif, Maryam Nawaz and their close associates in the PML-N have targeted the superior judiciary and the military for working together to undermine their government.

    This has given rise to a debate on judicial activism and the Supreme Court removing Prime Minister from his office for one reason or another. What should be the limits of judicial activism? This debate is on party lines. The ruling Muslim League and the PPP in Sindh complain about the action taken by the Supreme Court. The opposition political parties are supportive of judicial activism. The people at large are also supportive of judicial activism. It gives them some relief.

    The arguments against judicial activism maintain that the superior judiciary is stretching the domain of authority in the name of public interest and public welfare. The orders of the Supreme Court regarding governance make it extremely difficult for the government to perform its basic responsibilities. The fear of scrutiny by the Supreme Court dissuades the officers to take the initiative for performing their jobs.

    Most of the issues relating to poor governance, use of state power and resources and related matters should be handled by the executive and legislature, it is argued by the political and legal circles close to the ruling parties.

    The counter argument is that the Supreme Court is authorised by the Constitution to take up issues of public interest, public welfare and fundamental rights if these are neglected by the executive for one reason or another. Ordinary citizens can also go to the High Court or the Supreme Court for that purpose.

    The Supreme Court’s role can be minimised in this respect if the elected government fulfills its obligations towards citizenry in an efficient, transparent, fair and non-partisan manner. The elected executive and parliament need to address public grievances and protect their rights and interests by ensuring good governance and effective political management. Further, they need to ensure that corruption and misuse of state resources on political and personalised considerations do not become a common practice. If the political government performs its tasks keeping in view these considerations, the scope for judicial activism will be reduced.

    The elected government may not like the superior judiciary to take up administrative matters or public welfare issues, the question is if these issues are neglected by the government, and the rulers turn democracy into a personalised, authoritarian and corrupt regime, the Constitution gives recourse to the people as well as the superior judiciary to deal with the situation. The vote does not give a free hand to the rulers to rule as they wish. They must abide by the Constitution and laws of the country and the democratic process must serve people on a non-discriminatory basis

    • Satya Prakash says:

      It’s quite long, but I will try to do it. First tell me which course and which university areyou in?

  37. Muhammad Arsalan says:

    it’s a news article

  38. Ashir Aslam says:

    Write summaries of the following passages
    1. In every country people imagine that they are the best and the cleverest and the others
    are not so good as they are. The Englishman thinks that he and his country are the best;
    the Frenchman is very proud of France and everything French. The Germans and Italians
    think no less of their countries and many Indians imagine that India is in many ways the
    greatest country in the world. This is wrong. Everybody wants to think well of himself
    and his country. But really there is no person who has not got some good and some bad
    qualities. In the same way, there is no country whichis not partly good and partly bad. We must take the good wherever we find it and try to remove the bad wherever it may be. We are, of course, most concerned with our own
    country, India. Unfortunately, it is in a bad way today. Many of our people are poor and
    unhappy. They have no joy in their lives. We have to find out how we can make them
    happier. We have to see what is good in our ways and customs and try to keep it, and
    whatever is bad we have to throw away. If we find anything good in other countries, we
    should certainly take it.
    My precise
    People around the world think that they are the only one who are best and cleverest in the world. French and English think they are best. German and Italian thinks their countries are best. Besides all these Indian also imagine their country is greatest country in the world. Like every person their is no country which is partly good and partly bad. Many of us are poor and unhappy. We must try to be happy. We have to take whatever is good and throw away whatever is bad.

    • Satya Prakash says:

      This precis appears alright, but there are so many grammar errors. Do you want me to edit it, and / or give a better precis?

  39. Stella John says:

    I am impressed with the method of making a precis.

  40. neel dave says:

    so precis is basically a short summary of any given passage ?right ?

    • Satya Prakash says:

      Yes, but while pruning the word count, don’t miss out the main facts. Also, cut it to one third the length of the original.

  41. Vaibhav says:

    Thank youuuuu😊. Very good written

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