Grammar Lesson 1 .. Phrasal Verbs
Grammar lesson 1.. Use of Phrasal verbs
Stand by [This is a phrasal verb sometimes used for opposite meanings.]Meaning one – To do nothing when the situation warrants action a. The Nato leadership just stood by when Russia-backed armed groups created havoc inside Crimea which is an integral part of Ukraine. b. The United States has so far looked the other way despite the ISIS armed groups making sweeping gains in their fight against Iraqi army. If America continues to just stand by like this avoiding military involvement, crude oil supplies from the area may be severely disrupted.
Meaning two – To agree to come to someone’s help at the time of need a. Defying American pressure, Russia has stood by the beleaguered Assad regime in Syria. b. Historically, Russia has stood by India whenever the question of Kashmir comes up in the United Nations.
Meaning three Keep ready for immediate deployment, as a backup in emergency a. For the quick return of Indians caught in the war zones in Iraq, some of Air India’s Boeing 747 jets are standing by. b. During the Kumbh Mela, all the medical personnel in government hospitals in the vicinity of the Mela site are ordered to stand by on round-the-clock basis.
Meaning four (as adjective)
a. After the main battery of the submarine got drained, the commander ordered the supply from the stand-by battery to be switched on. b. The prime minister went on his foreign tour in a stand-by aircraft after a last-minute was detected in the engine of the original aircraft.